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Abdul Kalam: Remembering India’s ‘Missile Man’ 

Today marks the 88th birth anniversary of India’s 11th President, APJ Abdul Kalam, known as the ‘Missile Man’ of the country.

(Photo: Express Archive)

October 15 is also celebrated as the World Students’ Day, as declared by the United Nations in 2010 aiming to acknowledge Kalam’s efforts towards education and students.

(Express photo by Prashant Nadkar)

Born in 1931 in Tamil Nadu’s Rameswaram, Kalam graduated from Madras Institute of Technology in aeronautical engineering.

(Photo: Express Archive)

Soon after, he joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the DRDO as a scientist after becoming a member of the Defence Research & Development Service.

(Photo: Express Archive)

In 1969, he was transferred to ISRO where he spearheaded the development of India's first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) that launched Rohini satellite in the Earth’s near orbit in 1980 making India an exclusive space club member.

(Photo: Express Archive)

As the Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister of India from 1992-1999, Kalam played a major role in the multiple nuclear tests in Pokhran, making India a nuclear-armed state. 

(Photo: Express Archive)

During his tenure as the president of India, Kalam promoted the advancement of the national nuclear program and was affectionately referred to as the People's President.

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He was conferred with Padma Bhushan in 1990 and Bharat Ratna in 1997 for his contribution in the field of scientific research and defence technology in India.

(Photo: Express Archive)