A total of 165 members voted in support of Deuba, with just 83, mostly loyalists of CPN-UML chairman and outgoing prime minister K P Sharma Oli, casting their votes against.
The last three years have been dramatic for Oli, from his rise to power with a historic mandate to the Nepal Supreme Court order that has ended his stint as Prime Minister. A look at the events that led to his undoing.
President Bidya Devi Bhandari administered the oath of office to Deuba at a ceremony held at her office on Tuesday evening. Deuba, 75, president of the Nepali Congress, was sworn in as Prime Minister for the fifth time.
The apex court also reinstated the dissolved House of Representatives for a second time in five months.
A five-judge constitutional bench of the court hearing the petition that seeks revival of Parliament dissolved by President Bidhya Devi Bhandari on Oli's recommendation is likely to close the hearing this week, and deliver the verdict next week.
Earlier, President Bidhya Devi Bhandari had endorsed the recommendation of the Oli Cabinet to dissolve Parliament on May 22 midnight and simultaneously asked him to continue in the post till elections scheduled in November.
Oli said Article 76 of the Constitution entrusts the full and sole responsibility of appointing a PM to the President.
As many as 30 cases were filed in the Supreme Court against the President’s refusal to entertain Opposition leader Sher Bahadur Deuba’s claim to form the government, and the reappointment of Oli as PM after endorsing his decision to dismiss the House last month.
Oli will now have three Deputy PMs — Bishnu Poudel and Raghubir Mahaseth from the Oli-led Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML), and Rajendra Mahato from the JSP.
Defending Bidya Devi Bhandari, Oli said: “Those who are opposing the President are opposing Republic.” He has also said that the President’s “discretion can not be challenged”.
The decision was made on the recommendation of the Cabinet headed by caretaker PM KP Oli.
The order comes on a day that saw Oli facing multiple setbacks — both legal and political. He subsequently decided he did not want to seek a vote of confidence in parliament, which he is required to do within 30 days after he was appointed PM again last week.
Oli, who had lost a trust vote in the House of Representatives on Monday, will take the oath of office on Friday. He must prove that he has majority support in the House within 30 days.
Prime Minister Oli has lost a vote of confidence in Nepal’s Parliament. A look at what Nepal’s Constitution prescribes in such a situation, who all are for and against Oli, and how the situation may unfold from here.
Sources said the President's move to prorogue the House gives K P Oli an opening to remain in control while bypassing the House.
A government release said oxygen plants should not supply oxygen directly to hospitals, and that “hospitals must procure permission or clearance” from the Ministry of Health.
A revolt in Oli’s Nepal Communist Party-Unified Marxist Leninist is likely to see several lawmakers resigning their seat before the vote of confidence.
Deuba and other leaders of his party rejected Oli’s appeal, which came on the same day that the CPN (Maoist Centre) — led by Pushpakamal Dahal “Prachanda” — officially withdrew support to the government, leaving it without a majority in the House.
Nepal is in the midst of a second Covid wave in which over 40 per cent of those tested have tested positive. On Monday, 7,000 new cases and 37 deaths were recorded.
Immediately after the religious function was over, Oli served a showcause notice to 27 dissidents from the CPM-UML party, which is being seen as a prelude to their expulsion from the party that will also result in the loss of their membership of the House.
The decision to abruptly end the session, taken on the recommendation of the Cabinet, comes in view of the rapid growth of Covid-19 cases in the country.
On April 11, Shah was welcomed by the Niranjan Peeth head as well as Acharya Mahamandaleshwar Swami Kailashanand Giri. He was also projected as the “Vishwa Hindu Samrat”.
Oli also hit out at his political rivals, mainly those from the Nepal Communist Party-Maoist Centre and dissident groups in his own party, daring them to bring down the government instead of simply demanding his resignation.
These ministers chose to continue in Oli’s Cabinet even after the Nepal Communist Party, formed with the merger of UML and NCP Maoists, split and returned to being two separate parties.
The joint statement by the leaders ― all members of the party's powerful standing committee, including former PMs Jhala Nath Khanal and Madhav Kumar Nepal ― comes in wake of Oli assuming sweeping powers to seek clarification and suspend any leader for “indiscipline”.