The writer, a former Indian Ambassador with extensive experience on China, UN and national security issues, is director general of Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, New Delhi. Views are personal.
India cannot afford to take sides. Energy supplies and the safety and security of its vast diaspora in the Gulf are of utmost importance. India has a substantial Shia population too, with sympathy for Iran.
In General Bipin Rawat, the government has chosen a seasoned COAS who, as the senior-most of the three chiefs, spearheaded far-reaching reforms in the organisational structure and war-fighting capabilities of the Army.
India will have to manage its relations with China, no matter the challenges. Ties with Japan would remain a key component of India’s vision for a stable Indo-Pacific and a cornerstone of its Act East policy.
Beijing remains worried about the advantages the quadrilateral dialogue process might offer to India in the Indo-Pacific.
Pakistan has sought UN mediation despite being bound by the principle of bilateralism under the 1972 Simla Agreement.
It is patently wrong to claim, as vested political interests have done in India, that the scrapping of Article 370 has resulted in the “internationalisation of Jammu & Kashmir” and that the informal discussion by UNSC members is the first of its kind in six decades.