When meddlesome US and British delegations wanted India and Pakistan to discuss Kashmir under their aegis
The Americans and the British had the temerity to draft a settlement of Kashmir,effectively conceding most of Pakistans demands
How Western powers tied their arms supply in 1962 to Indias commitment to discuss Kashmir with Pakistan
Despite a few flaws in judgement,Indias government and military rose spectacularly to the challenge of the 1971 war
As the 1962 war loomed,Pakistan exploited India-China divisions to the fullest
Chinas hostility to India,which caused the 1962 conflict,arose from its own tension with the USSR which had its own problems
Fearing retaliation,the IAF was kept out of 62 operations. But the Chinese were in no position to retaliate and the US knew that
It is not surprising that Nehrus aura was eroded after the 1962 war the remarkable thing is that he still sustained his hold
In December 1962,a group of non-aligned nations tried to thrash out terms of negotiation between India and China,but they came to nothing
As the army vacillated over Assam,the Chinese established their victory and withdrew.
The Indian armys famous fourth division disintegrated,as the Chinese advanced.
Ultimately,India was unprepared and outclassed by Chinese engineering and strategy.
The nation had to be told,finally,of the Chinese invasion and Indias ignominious retreat
Memories of August 15,1947,when everything seemed new and possible.
When P.C. Alexander headed the PMO,civil servants had to choose political sides. But that couldnt make him president.
In 1962,armymen and politicians in Delhi ignored the warnings from soldiers at the front.
General Kaul,the defence ministers controversial and confident pick,was fazed by the Chinese challenge.
David Malone gives an insight into Indian foreign policy. But ignore his advice on NPT and Myanmar
How Indian intelligence blew it,misreading Chinas intentions?
How political anger against Nehru over China built up in the years prior to 1962,as his meetings with Zhou failed?
Indira Gandhi-Karan Singh correspondence is marked with politics,Kashmir concerns and some wishful thinking.
As the Chinese threat mounted,Nehru was mercilessly attacked in Parliament for going soft.
Zhou and Nehru exchanged angry letters over the boundary,even as tensions rose over Tibet
After 1958,Nehrus aura began to fade as he faced down trouble from China,Pakistan,Kashmir and more.
1957-58 were his glory years both home and abroad,despite small missteps.