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Saturday, May 28, 2022

Chakshu Roy

The writer is head of outreach PRS Legislative Research.

How the first citizen is connected to the temple of democracy
Mon, May 16, 2022

Putting aside colonial convention, it was the Constitution that forged the most crucial relationship in the Republic – the one between the President and Parliament

Republic Day: In the 73rd year of our Constitution, how many of the concerns in it will we rectify?
Mon, Jan 24, 2022

The framers of the Constitution and members of Parliament had highlighted the concerns in our founding document, many of which were rejected during its framing, that took almost three years, and it came into effect on January 26, 1950

Story behind the statue of protest in Parliament
Sun, Dec 19, 2021

🔴 Chakshu Roy writes: For the last 29 years, the 16-foot-tall bronze statue has been the site for MPs across ideologies to express their disagreement.

Explained: How and when MPs are suspended
Wed, Dec 01, 2021

12 Opposition MPs have been suspended for the rest of the Winter Session for disruptions in Rajya Sabha during the Monsoon Session. What had happened then? What are the rules for dealing with disruptions?

A little high, a little low: Govt and aviation
Mon, Nov 08, 2021

World War II boosted aviation in the country. The building of airstrips and the availability of surplus aeroplanes encouraged entrepreneurs to start airlines. By the end of the decade in 1950, airlines in India had flown five lakh passengers

Explained: The anti-defection law, and how it has often failed to discourage defection
Wed, Oct 06, 2021

The anti-defection law punishes individual MPs/MLAs for leaving one party for another. It allows a group of MP/MLAs to join (i.e. merge with) another political party without inviting the penalty for defection.

How Gandhi portrait ended up in Parliament
Mon, Oct 04, 2021

Chakshu Roy writes: Such is its draw that the Academy displayed Lutyen's and Baker's design of the buildings of the New Capital City of Delhi at the 1914 event.

Explained: Anti-defection law, for independent legislators
Thu, Sep 30, 2021

The Tenth Schedule of the Constitution specifies the circumstances under which changing of political parties by legislators invites action under the law. It includes situations in which an independent MLA, too, joins a party after the election.

What Indian lawmaking needs: More scrutiny, less speed
Wed, Aug 25, 2021

Chakshu Roy writes: All bills should go through pre-legislative scrutiny to iron out issues and build broad consensus before being brought to Parliament.

Lung power, with acoustics on the House
Sun, Aug 15, 2021

Chakshu Roy writes: Herbert Baker, the architect of Parliament House, was aware of the critical role of acoustics in the legislative chambers.

Solution for disruption of Parliament: More working days
Tue, Aug 03, 2021

Chakshu Roy writes: Legislative body’s role must be strengthened and deepened so that disruption of proceedings ceases to be an option.

Explained: How are a Speaker and Deputy Speaker elected?
Thu, Jul 15, 2021

Maharashtra has been without a Speaker since February, while Lok Sabha and several state Assemblies are without a Deputy Speaker. How are they elected in various legislatures? Does their party affiliation matter?

West Bengal wants Upper House back: how states have Councils
Sun, May 23, 2021

Currently, six states — Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka — have a Legislative Council.

Anti-defection law: When a nominated MP loses Rajya Sabha membership
Wed, Mar 24, 2021

What is the anti-defection law because of which Dasgupta had to resign after being chosen as an election candidate?

Explained: The trust vote in Puducherry
Wed, Feb 24, 2021

As Chief Minister V Narayanasamy faces a confidence motion in the House today, contributing to his likely defeat will be the votes of three nominated MLAs who owe allegiance to the BJP. How did Puducherry come to have nominated members in its Assembly? What has the Supreme Court said in this matter earlier?

Over the years, poets, students, and even a village have been booked under the sedition law
Sun, Feb 14, 2021

Governments past and present have used a colonial-era law to charge many ‘seditious’ men and women, most recently during the farmer protests, when a series of cases were filed against journalists and politicians.

Parliament must ask itself whether it rigorously scrutinises constitutionality of bills before it
Wed, Feb 10, 2021

Lack of robust scrutiny processes weakens its image as the highest legislative institution and encourages judicial encroachment on its powers.

Explained: History and precedent of President’s address in Parliament
Sat, Jan 30, 2021

This year's first Parliament session begins Friday with President Ram Nath Kovind's address. How did this tradition begin, what is the protocol followed, and what have the speeches dwelt on over the years?

Explained: When Parliament passed Bills but govt didn’t give effect to those laws
Wed, Jan 27, 2021

Over the years, Parliament has repealed several laws — and there have also been precedents of the government not bringing a law into force for several years after it has been passed.

State legislatures have an abysmal record in terms of number of sittings per year
Fri, Dec 25, 2020

Continuous and close scrutiny by legislatures is central to improving governance in the country. Increasing the number of working days for state legislatures is a first step in increasing their effectiveness.

Explained: A look at how and when Parliament is convened
Wed, Dec 23, 2020

The government has said that parties are in favour of doing away with the Winter Session, and that it would be appropriate to have the Budget Session in January. How and when is Parliament convened?

An Expert Explains: Roles and limitations of Select Committees, parliamentary panels
Tue, Sep 22, 2020

In the current Lok Sabha, 17 Bills have been referred to committees. In the 16th Lok Sabha (2014-19), 25% of the Bills were referred to committees, which was much lower than the 71% and 60% in the 15th and 14th Lok Sabha respectively.

An Expert Explains: What are Question Hour and Zero Hour, and why do they matter?
Sun, Sep 06, 2020

In view of the pandemic and a truncated Monsoon Session, Parliament has said no to Question Hour and curtailed Zero Hour. The Opposition has strongly criticised this. Why these two periods are important.

Explained: As states reduce MLA’ salaries, how much cuts will help amid Covid-19
Sun, Aug 23, 2020

As the Uttar Pradesh Assembly meets Thursday, it will move to ratify a 30 per cent salary cut for its legislators.

Politicians have become adept at using and bypassing the anti-defection law
Thu, Aug 13, 2020

It is time that political parties stopped using the crutches of the anti-defection law to fix problems related to their internal democracy, dissent and discipline.