Called the 'Lie Detector Tests', several instruments are used including cardiographs, sensitive electrodes and injections in the course of these examinations to put a person in a hypnotic state to 'reduce' their ability to lie or manipulate.
In his reply to the CBI plea filed on Wednesday, 63-year old Gokulnath Shetty has said that he is a senior citizen and has been suffering from various health issues, including high blood pressure and vertigo.
Among the submissions made before the court were photographs of their children. The sessions court, while granting bail, stated that the photographs show that they had “no malafide intention of trafficking the children”, and that their intention was to adopt them.
The incident came to light when the minor’s mother read a message from the juvenile and asked her daughter about it. Subsequently, an FIR was filed against the minor for rape, extortion and under sections of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act.
The Act has removed the words "communal or sectarian violence", which had punishment for a person who sexually abused a child during the course of such violence. The words have been replaced with "violence during any natural calamity or in similar situations".
The trial in the case began in October last year after a special court framed charges under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) against Lieutenant Colonel Prasad Purohit, Pragya Thakur and others.
The trial against Usman Mulla, now 52, who was arrested in February this year, began in June and saw the deposition of only one witness — a police officer. However, the witness could not establish Mulla’s presence at the spot where the alleged incident took place on January 10, 1993.
Following the death of Tadvi, who allegedly hanged herself in her hostel room at the T N Topiwala National Medical College on May 22, the three senior resident doctors had been arrested on charges of abetting suicide and caste discrimination.
Tadvi’s classmate Snehal had told the police that during their last conversation on phone, just hours before the 26-year-old committed suicide on May 22, Tadvi was troubled by the alleged harassment and was continuously crying while talking about it.
The men were convicted under Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, Juvenile Justice Act and for voluntarily causing hurt. They were also directed to pay Rs 15,000 each to the two victims.