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Sunday, July 03, 2022

Anuradha Mascarenhas


Anuradha Mascarenhas is a senior editor with The Indian Express, Pune. She writes on health, environment, science and related issues.

Explained: Two vaccine doses highly effective across people of different body weights, study suggests
Sat, Jul 02, 2022

A new study published in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology has found that body size was not a factor in the effectiveness of vaccines — two doses are highly effective against severe disease for people who are underweight, overweight, or who have obesity.

Explained: How India’s first mRNA vaccine for Covid-19 was created
Thu, Jun 30, 2022

As the Covid-19 pandemic spread, an mRNA vaccine candidate was the first to enter human trials globally. The first two vaccines that were made available for use in the US were based on mRNA technology.

Pune-based Gennova Biopharmaceuticals’ mRNA vaccine gets DCGI nod
Wed, Jun 29, 2022

Gennova already has a license from the Central Drug Standard Control Organisation to manufacture and sell the vaccine and has produced 70 lakh doses at risk.

‘Sugar coating on our cells may hold key to better vaccines, immunity’
Sat, Jun 25, 2022

Glycobiology has the potential to provide insights into immunology, virology, reproductive biology and drug development, says Dr Anurag Agrawal, former Director, CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology

New ICMR study reports silent spread of Zika virus in India
Fri, Jun 24, 2022

“We wanted to determine the presence of the virus from different geographical regions and hence researchers from the National Institute of Virology Pune and other ICMR institutes screened clinical samples of 1,475 patients from May-Oct 2021 and re-tested them for dengue, Chikungunya and Zika,” Dr Gupta said.

New research: Covid vaccines prevented 42 lakh deaths in India in first year
Fri, Jun 24, 2022

Covid-19 vaccines are estimated to have prevented nearly 1.98 crore deaths worldwide — out of a potential 3.14 crore deaths — in the first year of the vaccine programme. What about in India? What methodology was used for the study?

Long Covid symptoms in kids can last at least 2 months: Study
Thu, Jun 23, 2022

Largest study of long Covid symptoms in children aged 0-14 years used national survey data from Denmark. The study matched Covid-19 positive children with a control group of children with no prior history of a Covid-19 infection

Covid positivity rates in Mumbai, Pune, Thane and Palghar higher than Maharashtra average
Wed, Jun 22, 2022

Mumbai accounts for 54 per cent of all Covid infections in Maharashtra and there are 14,146 active cases in the city, followed by 5,569 in Thane, 2,113 in Pune and 1,046 in Raigad.

Two doses of Covishield effectively protected above-45 population from infection: Study
Wed, Jun 22, 2022

The vaccination coverage among the eligible population (18+) began picking up rapidly last year and by May 22, 2021, about 20 per cent of individuals of 45 years of age or above had received both doses of the Covid-19 vaccine.

How angioplasty saved a 96-year-old
Wed, Jun 22, 2022

Heart attack is a fatal condition in which the blood supply to the heart is suddenly blocked due to clotting. This condition is very common after the age of 50 years.

New research: Study flags emergence of drug-resistant typhoid strains
Wed, Jun 22, 2022

Typhoid fever causes 11 million infections and more than 100,000 deaths per year. South Asia accounts for 70% of the global disease burden.

Pune Inc: City-based startup Jeevtronics is enabling access to high-quality affordable defibrillators
Wed, Jun 22, 2022

This medical device helps to restore the normal heart rhythm by applying a high voltage shock across a cardiac arrest patient’s heart and essentially helps deal with sudden cardiac arrest and situations of arrhythmias.

BA.2.38 has become prevailing sub-variant of Omicron strain in Mumbai, Pune: Officials
Mon, Jun 20, 2022

It is unlikely that everyone is getting tested and hence the majority may not even be seeking treatment, several doctors said.

‘Sickle cell disease needs to be notified’
Tue, Jun 21, 2022

In remote areas, the lack of proper medical infrastructure and knowledge of the healthcare workforce make timely detection, screening and treatment a challenge, says Gautam Dongre, Secretary, National Alliance of Sickle Cell Organisations (NASCO)

Maharashtra: IMA writes to health minister over ‘impractical’ amendments to nursing home registration rules
Mon, Jun 20, 2022

IMA members pointed out that while issues of fire safety, bio-medical waste disposal, structural audit and other procedures are relevant, they are being unfortunately linked with the registration process of a nursing home.

Covaxin booster dose shields against Delta, Omicron variants: ICMR-NIV study
Wed, Jun 15, 2022

The ICMR-NIV study has been published as a pre-print in bioRxiv and posted on June 14 as “Protective efficacy of Covaxin against Delta and Omicron variants in the hamster model”

Maharashtra ramps up genome sequencing & vaccination: Centre urges Maharashtra, TN to strengthen sewage sampling
Wed, Jun 15, 2022

According to the latest report of National Institute of Virology, Pune, 2 more patients of BA.5 variant have been found in Thane city.

New FDA drug to regrow hair should be taken with caution
Tue, Jun 14, 2022

New FDA-approved alopecia drug has side effects and hence we have to conduct liver and kidney function tests apart from ruling out latent tuberculosis. A thorough screening is vital, says Dr Sunil Tolat, consulting dermatologist at Pune’s B J Government Medical College

Ashadhi Wari: Maharashtra Emergency Medical Services to deploy ambulances for pilgrimage
Wed, Jun 15, 2022

The three-week-long walk from Dehu to Pandharpur which covers nearly 450 km will commence on June 20.

‘India’s first mRNA Covid vaccine is a gamechanger, can be stored in medical refrigerator’
Mon, Jun 13, 2022

Phase 3 trial interim data submitted to CDSCO, Dr N K Arora, who heads the COVID-19 working group, NTAGI, tells Anuradha Mascarenhas.

Pune commended for performing well in FSSAI’s ‘Eat Right Initiative’
Mon, Jun 13, 2022

The FSSAI initiative “Eat Right Campus” also aims at promoting safe, healthy, and sustainable food on campuses such as schools, universities, colleges, workplaces and hospitals across the country.

Why bariatric surgery is an answer to uncontrolled diabetes
Fri, Jun 10, 2022

Obesity has become a serious health problem in the country, necessitating a surgical intervention to avert life-risks. However bariatric surgeries to treat this condition have not risen proportionately because of low awareness, Dr Praveen Raj, president of the Obesity Surgery Society of India

Can’t rule out possibility of more mini Covid waves, says WHO chief scientist
Fri, Jun 10, 2022

WHO chief scientist Dr Soumya Swaminathan felt that due to home-based self testing, numbers could also be underestimated.

Explained: Testosterone deficiency and the safety of replacement therapy
Fri, Jun 10, 2022

Testosterone replacement therapy is the standard treatment for hypogonadism, which can cause sexual dysfunction, weakening of bones and muscles, and reduced quality of life.

‘Cancer vanishing drug trial exciting but far from a breakthrough’
Wed, Jun 08, 2022

If nothing else, this study would surely encourage a broader study across multiple solid cancers with similar MMR-deficiency, says Dr Amit Dutt, scientist at Tata Memorial Centre-Advanced Centre for Treatment.