Spain’s annual bull running festival kicks off amid fireworks and protestshttps://indianexpress.com/photos/world-news/spains-annual-bull-running-festival-kicks-off-amid-fireworks-and-protests-5821920/

Spain’s annual bull running festival kicks off amid fireworks and protests

During the festival, Pamplona's population swells from nearly 200,000 residents to around a million visitors, who are attracted by the adrenaline boost of bull runs along an 850-meter (930-yard) street course to the city's bullring and seamless nights of partying.

spain, bull running, san permin, pamplona, annual bull-running festival, world news, indian express

The blast of a traditional firework on Saturday opened nine days of uninterrupted partying in Pamplona's famed running of the bulls festival. (AP)

spain, bull running, san permin, pamplona, annual bull-running festival, world news, indian express

Revellers from around the world flock to Pamplona every year to take part in the eight days of the running of the bulls. Authorities say four runners were being treated after one was gored and the rest knocked over or fell during the second day of bull races at Spain's annual San Fermin festival. (AP)

spain, bull running, san permin, pamplona, annual bull-running festival, world news, indian express

During the festival, Pamplona's population swells from nearly 200,000 residents to around a million visitors, who are attracted by the adrenaline boost of bull runs along an 850-meter (930-yard) street course to the city's bullring and seamless nights of partying. (AP)

spain, bull running, san permin, pamplona, annual bull-running festival, world news, indian express

The protests of pro-animal rights groups have also become a fixture in recent years. On the eve of the festival, dozens of semi-naked activists staged a performance simulating speared bulls lying dead on Pamplona's cobbled streets to draw attention at what they see as animal cruelty for the sake of human entertainment. (AP)

spain, bull running, san permin, pamplona, annual bull-running festival, world news, indian express

Early 20th-century American author Ernest Hemingway immortalized the fiesta in his "The Sun Also Rises" novel. (AP)

spain, bull running, san permin, pamplona, annual bull-running festival, world news, indian express

Bullfights are protected under the Spanish Constitution as part of the country's cultural heritage. (AP)