Nelson Mandela’s 100th birth anniversary: Tracing Madiba’s legacyhttps://indianexpress.com/photos/world-news/nelson-mandela-birth-centenary-legacy-madiba-5264244/

Nelson Mandela’s 100th birth anniversary: Tracing Madiba’s legacy

When free and fair elections were held in 1994, Nelson Mandela became president with an overwhelming majority support. He was to retire in 1999, although he continued to be an active part of South African public and moral life.

Remembering Nelson Mandela on his birth centenary

Nelson Mandela rose from rural obscurity to challenge the might of white minority apartheid government – a struggle that gave the 20th century one of its most respected and loved figure. (Source: AP)

Former South African president Nelson Mandela with his wife Winnie Mandela. (Express archive photo)

Nelson Mandela got a standing ovation after delivering Rajiv Gandhi memorial lecture. Seen here with Congress leader Sonia Gandhi and K R Narayanan. (Express archive photo)

Remembering Nelson Mandela on his birth centenary

He was among the first to advocate armed resistance to apartheid in 1960, but was quick to preach reconciliation and forgiveness when South Africa’s white minority began easing its grip on power 30 years later. (Source: AP)

Nelson Mandela with the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee at the Non Aligned Movement (NAM) summit in Durban in Johannesburg. (Source: PTI)

Remembering Nelson Mandela on his birth centenary

Despite the justness of his cause that was supported by people worldwide, he remained for 27 years inside prison in Robben Island along with several of his anti-Apartheid movement companions. (AP File Photo)

Remembering Nelson Mandela on his birth centenary

Nelson Mandela was finally released from prison in 1990 and negotiated with Frederik Willem de Klerk over the political future of the African nation. In Pic: Winnie Mandela, left, with her former husband Nelson Mandela, right, at a rally in Soweto, South Africa shortly after his release from 27 years in prison. (Source: AP)

Actor Amitabh Bachchan with South African President Nelson Mandela at his residence. (Source: Express archive photo)

Remembering Nelson Mandela on his birth centenary

Nelson Mandela headed the government at a time of difficulty, when the country was emerging from the shadow of apartheid and the African National Congress (ANC) had the heady task of transforming itself from a long-time revolutionary party to a government in power. In Pic: Nelson Mandela exchanges views with former Israel president Shimon Peres after their meeting in Cape Town.(Source: Reuters)

mandela

In consideration of their efforts to bring peace to a country that was for over 40 years plagued by racial discrimination, Mandela and Fredrik De Klerk were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. (Source: File Photo)

Remembering Nelson Mandela on his birth centenary

When free and fair elections were held in 1994, he became president with an overwhelming majority. He was to retire in 1999, although he continued to be an active part of South African public and moral life. (Source: File Photo)

Remembering Nelson Mandela on his birth centenary

Nelson Mandela’s last major appearance on the global stage came in 2010 when he attended the football World Cup, where he received a thunderous ovation from the 90,000 at the stadium in Soweto. (Source: File Photo)

Remembering Nelson Mandela on his birth centenary

Mandela, who was released from prison in 1990 and became South Africa’s first black president four years later, died in 2013. (Source: Reuters)

Remembering Nelson Mandela on his birth centenary

Former US President Barack Obama was cheered by thousands in Johannesburg's Wanderers Stadium on Tuesday as he marked the centenary of Nelson Mandela's birth on July 18 by urging respect for human rights, the free press and other values he said were under threat.(Source: AP)

Remembering Nelson Mandela on his birth centenary

'Madiba', as he was fondly called, is synonymous with justice and eradication of racial inequality. Mandela left a powerful legacy of reconciliation and diversity along with a resistance to inequality — economic and otherwise. (Source: AP)