Terming ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ a “lost opportunity”, water and sanitation expert Gaurisankar Ghosh on Wednesday said it has been reduced to “a toilet counting programme” and has failed to become a people’s movement.
Ghosh, the first mission director of National drinking water mission, suggested that to make Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s pet Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) successful, linkage with major government programmes like Ganga Action Plan is important along with participation of people.
The Prime Minister’s effort is “sincere” but SBM has remained “just a government scheme”, he said addressing a FEJI and UNICEF organised WASH media workshop here
“SBM gives an impression that it is a total sanitation… But it is a toilet counting programme in a new birth.
“Lots of people say sanitation was discovered in India two years ago but that is not true. The country’s sanitation programme was developed in 1986 by the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and taking funds from different government programmes, a spree of building toilets was started,” he said.
Ghosh, a retired IAS officer, was responsible for the global UNICEF operations during the period the first UNICEF water policy and strategy was prepared and even coining of the term WASH – water, sanitation and hygiene.
“It is very sadly an opportunity lost. I was very excited when the SBM was launched because the Prime Minister came out publicly and was sincerely committed to do something,” Ghosh said.
Ghosh, who was Secretary, Drinking Water Supply, Gujarat and Chairman, Gujarat Water Supply & Sewerage Board, said SBM on its own will not be successful.
“There is no linkage between any of the programmes like SBM and Ganga action plan. No link between hygiene and school education programme, impact evaluation is missing and it failed to become a people’s movement and remained a government programme,” said Ghosh, who was also the chairperson of UN Water, New York.
UNICEF Chief Field Officer Rajeshwari Chandrasekar said the workshop supports the flagship programmes of the government and works for health, nutrition and hygiene among newborns up to the age of 18 years in three phases.
On the occasion, Yusuf Kabir, WASH specialist, UNICEF, said community is major focus of the Swachh Bharat Mission and at present in Maharashtra, sanitation coverage of individual household latrine is 64 per cent on July 15.
The target is to make the state open defecation free by October 2, 2019, he added.
The Prime Minister HAD launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October, 2014 To accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage.