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Turkey: A history of coup attempts in last 60 years

Turkey has a history of military coups since last 60 years

By: Express Web Desk | New Delhi |
Updated: July 16, 2016 8:53:18 am
Turkey. turkey coup, turkey military coup, turkey coup attempt, turkey military, turkey president, turkey history, turkey coup history, world news, latest news Turkish military stand guard near the the Taksim Square as people wave with Turkish flags in Istanbul, Turkey, July 16, 2016. REUTERS/Murad Sezer

Gunshots were heard in the Turkish capital of Ankara on Friday, a Reuters witness said, as military jets and helicopters were seen flying overhead. Turkey’s Prime Minister says a group within Turkey’s military has engaged in what appeared to be an attempted coup. Binali Yildirim told NTV television, “It is correct that there was an attempt.”

Turkish military has declared martial law and curfew in the country as per TRT state TV. President Erdogan has said that a minority faction of military is behind the attempted coup.

This is not the first attempted coup by the military in Turkey. Here is a list of coup that took place in Turkey in last 60 years:

1960
The first coup was in May 1960 when the army arrested all members of the ruling Democrat Party and put them on trial.

1961
In September 1961, Adnan Menderes, the overthrown prime minister, was hanged together with his foreign and finance ministers.

1971
The army forced the conservative prime minister, Suleyman Demirel, to resign. Martial law was declared and a government of “technocrats” installed.

1980
The army’s last major intervention in politics came in 1980 when the generals took over Turkey after violence between Left- and Right-wing students brought them to the brink of civil war.

The Junta leader, Kenan Evren, elevated himself to the presidency and rewrote the constitution to guarantee the army’s power.

1997
In early 1997, the army forced the Islamist-led coalition of Necmettin Erbakan to resign on the grounds that he was steering Turkey toward religious rule. But the army refrained from seizing power and allowed secular politicians to form a new government.

2016
On 15 July 2016, Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım confirmed a coup d’état attempt by Turkish military servicemen.

(With inputs from agencies)

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