Why the US battle in Afghanistan refuses to endhttps://indianexpress.com/article/world/why-the-us-battle-in-afghanistan-refuses-to-end-5468796/

Why the US battle in Afghanistan refuses to end

The Pentagon declared an end to US combat operations in Afghanistan in 2014, but since that time, the Taliban have expanded their reach, and the Americans have rejoined the fray.

Why the US battle in Afghanistan refuses to end
A witness said the bomb in Ghazni went off as a U.S. convoy passed on the highway.

 

US forces experienced the worst loss of life this year in Afghanistan when three soldiers were killed in a Taliban bombing Tuesday. Three more soldiers and an American contractor were wounded.

 

The deaths took place when a roadside bomb went off near Ghazni City, in the southeastern province of the same name, killing Special Forces soldiers three months after they were sent to save that city from falling to the Taliban.

 

The Pentagon declared an end to U.S. combat operations in Afghanistan in 2014, but since that time, the Taliban have expanded their reach, and the Americans have rejoined the fray.

 

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A witness said the bomb in Ghazni went off as a U.S. convoy passed on the highway. “The convoy set off a roadside mine, and there was smoke all over the place,” said the witness, Haji Abdulamin, a local resident. “The road was blocked, and a few minutes later, helicopters landed and took the dead.”

 

Here’s what to know about the state of U.S. and Afghan forces in the seemingly intractable conflict, and why Americans are still dying in a city they liberated from the Taliban months ago.

 

— The Taliban have exacted a grim toll since 2014

 

Regular U.S. combat operations in Afghanistan came to an end in 2014, but since that time, the Taliban have greatly expanded their reach, controlling more territory — and killing more Afghan soldiers and police — than at any time since they were ousted from power in 2001.

 

President Ashraf Ghani recently revealed that 28,529 Afghan security forces have been killed since 2015, a number that works out to an average of about 25 deaths per day.

 

In 2015, 10 U.S. troops were killed; nine were killed in 2016; and 11 in 2017. In 2018, 12 American soldiers have died in combat in Afghanistan along with four other coalition soldiers.

 

President Donald Trump, in an interview with The Washington Post on Tuesday, said America is continuing its military presence in Afghanistan only because “experts” told him the United States needed to continue the fight.

 

— Al-Qaida is back, making matters worse

 

The Taliban is not the only concern for the U.S. military. Another American soldier was killed just three days earlier as a result of a firefight with al-Qaida, which had been considered all but wiped out in Afghanistan years ago, only to resurface suddenly in southwestern Nimroz province.

 

The military said in a statement that the soldier, Sgt. Leandro A.S. Jasso, a 25-year-old Army Ranger from Washington state, was shot accidentally by a soldier from an Afghan “partner force.”

 

The U.S. commander in Afghanistan, Gen. Austin Scott Miller, expressed condolences to Jasso’s family. “Sgt. Jasso was killed defending our nation, fighting al-Qaida alongside our Afghan partners,” Miller said.

 

According to the military’s statement on Jasso’s death, he was killed “when the partnered force became engaged in a close-quarter battle during an assault on one of multiple barricaded al-Qaida shooters.”

 

— Fewer troops face more conflicts with the Taliban

 

President Barack Obama allowed U.S. combat operations to resume in 2015 and Trump increased the number of special operations troops in the country, but they are still thin on the ground.

 

Instead of spreading tens of thousands of troops across the country, patrolling and fighting militant groups from small outposts, the new approach means the U.S. military stays mostly behind the front lines, relying on Afghan troops, U.S. airstrikes and special operations forces to hold territory.

 

There are only about 14,000 U.S. soldiers in Afghanistan, and half of them are logistics troops and trainers. By comparison, in 2012, there were 140,000 American and other foreign troops in Afghanistan.

 

The Afghan commando forces number 20,000, and are not only spread thin, but lack the training of their American counterparts. They have some of their own air support, but it is not nearly as robust as that of the U.S. Air Force and other units. And the Americans generally will not carry out airstrikes on behalf of Afghan forces unless there are U.S. forces embedded with them.

 

Overall, there are just not enough U.S. commandos to go around in a country where major Taliban offensives are typically taking place in more than half of the country’s 34 provinces.

 

— Insider attacks remain a major American concern

 

The death of Jasso — the American who was shot accidentally by a soldier from an Afghan “partner force” — did not appear to be an insider attack. But fear of such attacks has greatly strained relations between U.S. troops and their Afghan allies, three soldiers deployed with Afghan units recently said, speaking confidentially because they were forbidden to discuss operations with a journalist.

 

Of the 17 coalition troops killed this year, four of them died in insider attacks, by Taliban infiltrators or Afghan turncoats. Last year, insider attacks against Special Forces troops in eastern Afghanistan’s Nangarhar province killed three and wounded seven.

 

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Last month, an insider attack narrowly missed killing the U.S. commander in Afghanistan. A bodyguard for the powerful Kandahar police commander, Gen. Abdul Raziq, opened fire on both men and a group of other officers. He killed Raziq but missed Miller, although he wounded a U.S. brigadier general.