Venezuela’s opposition-dominated National Assembly voted to continue meeting beyond its five-year term that ends Jan. 5, giving the nation two competing legislative bodies after members boycotted the congressional election pushed by autocrat Nicolas Maduro.
The move paves the way for opposition leader Juan Guaido to remain as the “president in charge,” though lawmakers voted to impose more checks and balances on his power. The assembly also approved the reform of a legislative statute, which says Guaido and the Parliament will seek free presidential and congressional elections to resolve the country’s political crisis.
The decision via webcast will leave the country with an assembly led by Guaido, which will now function through a smaller committee of lawmakers, and another elected at the Dec. 6 vote that was boycotted by the opposition, which will be packed with President Maduro’s loyalists.
Maduro has remained in charge despite presiding over the precipitous deterioration of the oil-rich country since succeeding the late President Hugo Chavez in 2013 and efforts over the years to force him out. The U.S. and more than 50 countries recognized Guaido as interim leader in early 2019, when he took the helm of the National Assembly, claiming a vacancy in the office of the presidency because Maduro had rigged the May 2018 election.
Juan Guaido Holds Referendum Vote Against President Nicolas Maduro
Juan Guaido, president of the National Assembly who swore himself as the leader of Venezuela, wears a protective mask while speaking during a press conference during an opposition-led plebiscite in the Chacao neighborhood of Caracas, Venezuela, on Saturday, Dec. 12, 2020. After calling the boycott of stage-managed parliamentary elections last Sunday in Venezuela, Juan Guaido and allies are holding a referendum-style plebiscite to prolong the power of the National Assembly.
The discussion of the legislative statute also revealed differences among the opposition as they voted to eliminate Guaido’s “center of government” stance, coordinated by his mentor Leopoldo Lopez, replacing it with a “political council” that will monitor and evaluate Guaido’s actions. No decision has been made on who’s in charge of the council.
Democratic Action, one of its main parties that’s not affiliated with Guaido, said in a statement that its lawmakers saved their votes as a way to reject that the Parliament will now function through a smaller committee.
The party, also known as AD, saved its vote amid concerns of further persecution from Maduro’s security forces against its lawmakers, according to two members of the party, who asked not to be identified because they’re not authorized to speak publicly on the matter. AD grassroots are pressing for a different strategy from the one led by Guaido to change the government, focusing on seeking electoral guarantees to participate in the mayors and governors elections of 2021.
Justice First, another main party, said the reforms will allow greater control over the use of Venezuela’s assets abroad that are controlled by the assembly.
“The continuity of this Parliament is necessary as the last bastion of democracy.” Guaido said during the session. “This serves to improve our lives, to get out of the dictatorship.”
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