More than 16 years into the Afghanistan war, the United States and its NATO allies wrangled anew on Thursday over how to meet the need for more troops to counter a resurgent Taliban and help Afghan forces break a stalemate in the fight. At a meeting in Brussels, NATO agreed to send more forces in response to commanders’ requests for as many as 3,000 troops to train and work alongside Afghan security forces.
That number does not include an expected contribution of almost 4,000 American forces, divided between the NATO mission and America’s counterterrorism operations against Taliban, al-Qaida and Islamic State militants in Afghanistan. NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said 15 countries “have already pledged additional contributions.” He expected more commitments to come, but confusion about America’s plans may have held back some countries.
US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said at a news conference after the meeting that he was pleased by allies’ willingness to contribute more.
“We still have a few gaps and nations are stepping up,” Mattis said. “We’ve filled 70 percent of those gaps right now and I’m very, very optimistic that based on what I heard here we’ll be filling the rest.”
Mattis added that upon returning to Washington, he will consult with US Gen. Joseph Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and then will submit a recommended new Afghanistan strategy to President Donald Trump. “We will refine US troop numbers at that time, within that framework,” he said.
Asked how much longer the war is likely to last, Mattis said it is not sensible to predict.
“I don’t put timelines on wars. It’s that simple,” he said. “War is a fundamentally unpredictable phenomenon. Every effort to try to create a pat answer to something like that is probably going to fail.”
He added: It’s not like you can declare a war over or want it over or say I’m going to quit, and you’re not going to pay a price for it. The most important answer to that is, ‘What is the price of not fighting this war?’ And in that case we’re not willing to pay that price.”
Considering that Britain said it would contribute a bit less than 100 troops in a noncombat role, it’s unclear how NATO will muster several thousand new forces. To hit that mark, the other allies would need to average more than 100 troops each. Britain is the alliance’s most powerful member aside from the US, though Germany contributes the second most forces.
“We’re in it for the long haul. It’s a democracy,” British Defense Secretary Michael Fallon said, referring to Afghanistan. He said the Afghans “asked for our help and it’s important that Europe responds,” and said extremist groups there a threat to Western Europe.
Mohammad Radmanish, an Afghan defense spokesman, welcomed NATO’s decision to send more troop trainers. He said Afghan troops were in need of “expert” training, heavy artillery and a quality air force.
“We are on the front line in the fight against terrorism,” Radmanish said in a telephone interview with The Associated Press in Kabul, the Afghan capital.
But Afghan lawmaker Mohammad Zekria Sawda was skeptical. He called NATO’s offer a “show,” noting the alliance and the US were unable to bring peace to Afghanistan when they had many more soldiers deployed against Taliban insurgents.
“Every day we are feeling more worry,” he said. “If they were really determined to bring peace they could do it.”
European nations and Canada had been waiting to hear what Mattis would offer or seek from them. U.S. leaders haven’t publicly discussed troop numbers yet as they complete a broader, updated military and diplomatic strategy for the war. Stoltenberg said what happens on the battlefield will affect the diplomatic strategy, adding that as long as the Taliban believe they can win, they will not negotiate.
On Thursday, details on the still-forming war strategy appeared murky.
“It’s for the Americans to decide the exact numbers that they are putting in and where they’re going, whether they’re to plug holes, if you like, in Resolute Support and ensure that the spokes of the wheel don’t collapse, or whether they’re putting additional direct effort into counter-terrorism,” Fallon said. “It’s for them to decide. But we’re clear. We’ve got to stay the course in Afghanistan.”
Norwegian Defense Minister Ine Eriksen Soreide said she expects allies will “come around” and make additional troop commitments. She didn’t expect the new U.S. strategy to come out until next month.
Dunford, the US Joint Chiefs chairman, was in Afghanistan this week, meeting with commanders.
The expected deployment of more Americans is intended to bolster Afghan forces so they eventually can assume greater control of security. Stoltenberg said the NATO increase does not mean the alliance will once again engage in combat operations against the Taliban and extremist groups.
There are now about 8,400 US troops based in Afghanistan, with an additional 2,000 or so on temporary deployment. Some 6,600 troops from NATO and partner forces also are there.