Updated: November 8, 2021 2:27:41 pm
Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega was set to extend his rule in an election on Sunday after jailing top rivals and criminalizing most dissent, in a blow to a US-led push to promote democracy in a region where waves of migrants are growing.
Polls closed at 6 pm (0000 GMT). Lines of voters had formed in the capital, Managua, at some polling places in the morning, but then eased considerably, consistent with expectations of a historically low turnout.
Ortega, 75, a onetime revolutionary who helped depose the right-wing Somoza family dictatorship in the late 1970s, is already the Americas’ longest-serving leader, with 15 consecutive years in power. He has ruled alongside his wife, Vice President Rosario Murillo, 70, the government’s official spokesperson, since early 2017. Seated next to her on Sunday afternoon at an event broadcast by state television, an open-collared Ortega hailed the election as a victory over terrorism delivered by the “immense majority
of Nicaraguans,” before launching into his critics.”
They didn’t want us to be able to hold these elections,” he said, referring to his domestic opponents and their foreign backers. “They are demons who don’t want peace for our people and instead opt for slander and disqualifications. Why? So that Nicaragua is embroiled in violence.”
Ortega was president in the 1980s before losing in a 1990 upset. He returned to the top job in 2007. Since May, his police have imprisoned dozens of leading opposition figures, including seven presidential candidates, as well as prominent business leaders, journalists and even some of his former rebel allies.
US President Joe Biden said in a statement on Sunday night that the “orchestrated” election “was neither free nor fair, and most certainly not democratic.” He called for the Ortega-Murillo government to take immediate steps to restore democracy and to immediately release the detained opposition figures.
“Until then, the United States, in close coordination with other members of the international community, will use all diplomatic and economic tools at our disposal to support the people of Nicaragua and hold accountable the Ortega-Murillo government and those that facilitate its abuses,” Biden said.
Last week, US officials said new sanctions were being considered against the couple’s government, a sentiment echoed by European Union leaders, in addition to a future review of Nicaragua’s status in the CAFTA regional trade pact.
Unrest seen driving more migration
Ortega’s only opposition on the ballot comes from five little-known candidates of small allied parties. About 4.5 million Nicaraguans are eligible to vote.
Up for grabs as well on Sunday’s ballot are 92 seats in the unicameral Congress, also firmly controlled by Ortega’s allies.
In neighboring Costa Rica, where tens of thousands of Nicaraguan exiles have fled in recent years, about 2,000 anti-Ortega demonstrators marched along a main downtown San Jose thoroughfare chanting: “Long live a free Nicaragua” as festive marimba music blared from speakers.
“I didn’t want to leave my country,” said protester Marcela Guevara, 48, an activist with Nicaragua’s Blue and White National Unity party, a major opposition coalition that called for a boycott of the election. “But you can’t talk, you can’t move, you can’t associate with groups of your choice,” she said, adding she also cannot imagine returning anytime soon.
Prolonged social and political unrest is seen driving the already growing ranks of Central American migrants, both south to Costa Rica, or north to the United States.
Nicaraguans reaching the US border this year have already hit a high of about 50,000, according to official data.
Jose Miguel Vivanco, the Americas head for Human Rights Watch, dismissed the election as a “farce” in posts on Twitter. He predicted Ortega would extend his rule “by force of repression, censorship and fear,” and called on other countries to confront his government. “It’s essential to redouble international pressure to demand the release of political prisoners, and to re-establish democracy in Nicaragua,” he said.
Ortega’s government took an especially repressive turn in 2018, when it quashed largely peaceful protests by those initially upset over spending cuts, killing more than 300 people and wounding thousands more.
Last year, the ruling party enacted a law that prohibits speech that Ortega’s judges deem hurtful to the economy or to “public order,” and international journalists have been barred in recent months from entering the country.
One Reuters reporter was turned back by border agents last Friday, while another, a Nicaraguan citizen, was turned away in September.
In a Sunday post on social media, the Ortega-allied electoral authority celebrated more than 200 “election companions” from 27 countries plus 600 journalists of all nationalities covering the vote, without providing details. International observers from the EU and the Organization of American States were not allowed to participate.