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Wednesday, October 21, 2020

The reality TV host vs the velvet shiv: Trump and Biden in debates

For both Trump and Biden, the three presidential debates may well be the most critical moments of a fall campaign that is being carried out without the typical dawn-to-dusk days of rallies, local television appearances and talking to voters.

By: New York Times | September 28, 2020 10:36:03 pm
Trump and Biden to face off in first 2020 presidential debate on Sep 29Donald Trump and Joe Biden will face off in the first 2020 presidential debate on September 29.

Written by Adam Nagourney

Donald Trump barely paused to thank his debate hosts before going on the attack after he took the stage at Hofstra University in September 2016. “Our jobs are fleeing the country,” he said grimly. “They’re going to Mexico.”

For the next 90 minutes — and over the course of his two other debates with Hillary Clinton, his Democratic opponent — Trump displayed a relentless and disciplined debate style, at times bulldozing Clinton and the debate moderators. Though many observers considered Clinton the clear winner in the debates, Trump’s defiant attacks on Washington and his argument that the system was stacked against ordinary Americans resonated with angry and alienated voters and helped lead to his unexpected victory.

Joe Biden, the Democratic presidential candidate who will meet Trump on a debate stage for the first time Tuesday night, was certainly not as aggressive when, as vice president, he debated his Republican opponent, Rep. Paul Ryan of Wisconsin, in October 2012. But Biden used a command of foreign policy, Congress and the White House to hammer and at times belittle his rival and turn back attacks on President Barack Obama.

“With all due respect, that’s a bunch of malarkey,” he said, in the kind of conversational turn of phrase he has invoked throughout his career, when Ryan accused the administration of mishandling the deadly terrorist attack on U.S. diplomats in Benghazi, Libya.

For both Trump and Biden, the three presidential debates may well be the most critical moments of a fall campaign that is being carried out without the typical dawn-to-dusk days of rallies, local television appearances and talking to voters. Millions of Americans will set aside time in the midst of a pandemic to judge Trump and Biden side by side in the unfiltered forum of the two men on a stage.

Through 14 primary and general election debates in 2015 and 2016, Trump emerged as the showman, with a keen sense on how to seize the spotlight, hammer home clear and succinct themes and discombobulate an opponent with claims and accusations that, while often false, are difficult to rebut in real time.

By contrast, Biden is the classic Senate orator, with knowledge of history and the nuances of policy and respect for the rules of the game. He draws on the tragedies of his life — the loss of his wife and daughter in a car accident, the death of his son from brain cancer — and tales about growing up around Scranton, Pennsylvania, to relate to his audiences. He is quick with a smile that can defuse an attack.

Trump’s debating style helped carry him to victory and can still be glimpsed almost every time he appears at a White House news conference or a rally.

But Biden’s performances have been inconsistent over the course of two vice presidential debates and through this season of nearly a dozen Democratic primary debates. Even his supporters say that, at 77, his voice is less firm and that he appears less energetic and passionate than just eight years ago. Trump has highlighted some of those moments to try to raise doubts about his opponent’s mental acuity.

The big question is which version of Biden will be on the stage Tuesday night. Typically, the first debate carries the most weight, and that might be particularly the case in a year in which so many people are casting early votes by mail and in person.

‘You’d Be in Jail’

Moments after the start of the first 2016 general election debate, Trump’s strategy was clear. Again and again — amid head-spinning diversions, theatrical asides, breathtakingly brutal attacks, outright fabrications and displays of showmanship — he returned to the themes that had defined his candidacy.

Clinton was, by his repeated telling, a tired soldier of Washington’s old guard, which had brought the nation job-killing trade deals, a dangerous nuclear arms deal with Iran, out-of-control immigration and “Obamacare.” (“’Obamacare’ is a disaster,” he said at their second debate. “You know it. We know it.”)

As unorthodox a politician as he was, Trump was executing a traditional debate strategy. But over the course of those three debates, he would go places presidential candidates rarely went, showing no hesitation about launching any attack.

“Trump approaches debates not as an airing of ideas and policies, but as a reality TV show,” said Jim Margolis, who was a senior consultant to Clinton. “Be the center of attention, say outrageous things that take time off the clock and use easily digestible catchphrases that will get repeated on the news the next day.”

When Clinton said she was glad that “someone with the temperament of Donald Trump is not in charge of the law in our country,” Trump cut her off. “Because you’d be in jail,” he said, drawing gasps and applause from the audience.

When Trump was asked about a just-released audiotape in which he boasted in vulgar terms of pushing himself on women, he apologized and described it as “locker room talk,” adding, without a hint of a segue, “I will knock the hell out of ISIS.”

When pressed again, he attacked Bill Clinton over allegations of the former president’s sexual assaults on women, and Hillary Clinton for standing by her husband. “There’s never been anybody in the history of politics in this nation that’s been so abusive to women,” he said.

Philippe Reines, a long time aide to Hillary Clinton, who played Trump in her 2016 practice debates, found a formula to Trump’s approach to a debate.

“He would say I’m great, you suck, and here’s what I’m going to do,” Reines said.

“What really stuck out was how different Trump was,” Reines said. “Everyone onstage had that very stilted, thoughtful voice, sounding programmed and structured. I could see why people thought it was genuine.”

A Velvet Shiv

Sarah Palin posed a daunting challenge to Biden. He could not come across as condescending or patronizing against the Alaska governor, a woman who was new to the national stage. But he needed to show that she was not qualified to be vice president while using her as a vehicle to attack Sen. John McCain, the 2008 Republican nominee facing Obama.

Dan Senor, who managed debate preparation for Ryan, studied that debate and was impressed by what he saw. Biden was unfailingly respectful. Every time she assailed him, he pivoted into an attack on McCain. He lit up with a warm smile when she said that he had been in Washington for too long.

But he was a much different opponent when it came time to face Ryan: aggressive and attacking from start to finish.

“Historically my view of Biden as a debater — I’m not sure he has all the same moves he once did — his greatest strength is he has range,” Senor said. “The notion that he’s undisciplined — you’ve not really seen that in debates.”

And even as he poked and jostled his opponent, he consistently displayed an affable manner — Biden used the phrase “my friend” 16 times in that debate. He flashed a smile to soften his words, slough off Ryan’s attacks and unnerve his opponent. “The velvet shiv,” said David Plouffe, who was Obama’s campaign manager in 2008.

Lis Smith, who was a senior adviser to the presidential campaign of Pete Buttigieg, said that every time a Democrat had tried to attack Biden during the primary debates, it backfired.

“He just laughed it off and didn’t engage,” Smith said. “It’s a disarming quality, and it’s going to be an important quality against Donald Trump, who tends to come across angry, hyperkinetic and sometimes dour on the debate stage, while Biden comes across as sunny and optimistic.”

But Republican and Democratic strategists who have studied Biden’s debate style have found that he is prone to anger if provoked, which could make him lose his train of thought or come across as haughty.

“We had a ton of tape on his debating style,” said Mark Wallace, a senior adviser to Palin. “You could get under his skin.”

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