US Vice President Mike Pence has raised the possibility of deploying the Patriot anti-missile defence system in Estonia, one of three NATO Baltic states worried by Russian expansionism, Prime Minister Juri Ratas said. “We spoke about it today, but we didn’t talk about a date or time,” Ratas told state broadcaster ERR after Pence began a visit to the tiny frontline state yesterday.
The Patriot is a mobile, ground-based system designed to intercept incoming missiles and warplanes. “We talked about the upcoming (Russian military) manoeuvres near the Estonian border… and how Estonia, the United States and NATO should monitor them and exchange information,” Ratas said.
Relations between Moscow and Tallinn have been fraught since Estonia broke free from the crumbling Soviet Union in 1991, joining both the EU and NATO in 2004 — a move that Russia says boosted its own fears of encirclement by the West. Concern in Estonia and fellow Baltic states Latvia and Lithuania surged after Russia annexed Crimea from Ukraine in 2014 and stepped up military exercises.
Pence, in remarks to journalists in the Estonian capital of Tallinn, spoke in strong but general terms about US support for eastern European countries. Today, he heads to Georgia — a non-NATO member that is also worried about Russia — and then to Montenegro, which became NATO’s 29th member on June 5.
“President (Donald) Trump sent me to Europe with a very simple message. And that is that America first doesn’t mean America alone,” Pence said. “Our message to the Baltic states – my message when we visit Georgia and Montenegro – will be the same: ‘To our allies here in Eastern Europe, we are with you, we stand with you on behalf of freedoms’.”
Pence also said the Trump administration had “made it clear” that it stood behind NATO’s Article 5 commitment that an attack on one member was an attack on all — a pledge that Trump has been criticised for failing to spell out emphatically. Pence’s schedule in Tallinn includes meetings today with President Kersti Kaljulaid and her Lithuanian and Latvian counterparts, Dalia Grybauskaite and Raimonds Vejonis.
He is also to visit troops from the Enhanced Forward Presence programme, under which NATO has deployed four battalions to the Baltic states and Poland to bolster the alliance’s eastern flank. Moscow last year deployed nuclear-capable Iskander missiles into its Kaliningrad exclave, which borders Lithuania and Poland.
It is due to hold massive military exercises in Belarus and Kaliningrad in September. The so-called “Zapad” (“West”) drills will see Russia showcase new hardware and upgrade existing systems in its western military region.
Georgia and the United States, meanwhile, are conducting their biggest ever joint military exercises. Some 800 Georgian and 1,600 US troops are taking part in the Noble Partner 2017 drills — the largest ever in Georgia since it fought a brief war with Russia in 2008.