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Europe migrant crisis explained in 5 graphs

Hungary is considering deploying the army as it looks to prevent the huge inflow of refugees and other migrants into the country.

Updated: September 15, 2015 8:56:46 pm

Europe is struggling to cope with the large-scale influx of migrants, the biggest since the aftermath of World War II, with Germany and Austria calling for a special EU summit next week to discuss the ongoing crisis. Hungary, where migrants in droves have breached its border fences from neighbouring Serbia, is considering deploying the army as it looks to prevent the huge inflow of refugees and other migrants into the country.

While German Chancellor Angela Merkel has categorically said that the EU summit next week isn’t going to be about the redistribution of refugees around the EU, she stressed the fact that the meeting would instead discuss how to support countries from which people are fleeing and how to speed up the setting up of camps known as “hot spots” in Greece and Italy to register incoming refugees among other issues.

What has spurred this sudden exodus of people from the Middle East, Africa and Asia? Most of the fleeing refugees come from Syria, where a civil war has been raging for over four years. On one hand, Syrian President Bashar-Al-Assad is accused of using chemical weapons on his own people, on the other the Islamic State militants have captured large swathes of the country imposing their own set of radical Islamic law and often subjecting Syrians to brutal form of torture. A large number of refugees are also from Africa, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq and Albania who are leaving their country due to deplorable economic conditions at home coupled with political instability and widespread violence.

These five graphs will explain the background behind the exodus: 

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(with inputs from AP)