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Sunday, May 16, 2021

Inside the Chauvin jury room: 11 of 12 jurors were ready to convict right away

When the jury foreman tallied the votes that morning, one of the jurors recalled, there were 11 papers with a “G” written on them — guilty. One paper said “U,” for unsure.

By: New York Times |
April 30, 2021 10:53:37 am
Philonise Floyd, brother of George Floyd, left, and attorney Ben Crump, center, and Rev. Al Sharpton, right, raise their hands in triumph during a news conference after the murder conviction against former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin in the killing of George Floyd, Tuesday, April 20, 2021, in Minneapolis. (AP Photo)

Written by Nicholas Bogel-Burroughs

Seated at tables 6 feet apart in a hotel conference room, 12 jurors scribbled letters on slips of paper to indicate how they were leaning on a murder charge against Derek Chauvin, the former Minneapolis police officer on trial for killing George Floyd.

When the jury foreman tallied the votes that morning, one of the jurors recalled, there were 11 papers with a “G” written on them — guilty. One paper said “U,” for unsure.

The seven women and five men spent the next few hours poring over the evidence in one of the most closely watched trials in a generation, according to Brandon Mitchell, who has been the only juror to publicly describe the deliberations last week near Minneapolis. Mitchell said the jurors watched the graphic videos of Floyd’s death, discussed the testimony of many of the witnesses and experts, and created their own timeline using markers and a whiteboard. By lunchtime, Mitchell said, the juror who had been unsure, a white woman, had made up her mind: Chauvin was guilty of all charges.

Mitchell, 31, a high school basketball coach in Minneapolis, described the deliberations in an interview Thursday, shedding light on what had happened inside the jury room before the jurors convicted Chauvin on two murder charges and a manslaughter charge.

Mitchell said he was excited when he was chosen for the jury and glad to see that the jury was diverse; there were four Black jurors, including Mitchell, as well as six white jurors and two multiracial jurors. They ranged in age from their 20s to their 60s.

“The pressure, I was ready to embrace it,” Mitchell said. “Whichever way the verdict went — guilty or not guilty — it was important for me as a Black man to be in the room.”

He said he had expected, before the trial, that he would struggle to come to the right decision in the case, but that after three weeks of testimony, he found the evidence overwhelming.

“I had no doubt in my mind,” Mitchell said of his decision about Chauvin’s guilt. Jurors discussed the case for about seven hours over two days before reaching a verdict on the afternoon of April 20, Mitchell said. They spent much of the first evening of deliberations getting to know one another rather than talking about the case, he said.

Chauvin, the white officer who was videotaped kneeling on the neck of Floyd, a Black security guard, for more than nine minutes last May, is scheduled to be sentenced in June and could face decades in prison.

Immediately following closing arguments in the trial on April 19, jurors gathered in a conference room at the hotel where they were sequestered and surrendered their phones for deliberations, Mitchell said. They took a vote on whether to keep their masks on during deliberations (they chose, unanimously, to take them off), and soon moved to discussing the evidence and the law.

They first considered second-degree manslaughter, the least serious of the charges Chauvin was facing, and the juror who would later indicate uncertainty about murder said she was unsure about the manslaughter charge, Mitchell said. Sitting at individual tables that were placed in a U-shape, the jurors took turns describing their thoughts. The jurors decided to wait until the second day of deliberations to discuss the murder charges, but dinner did not arrive for several more hours, so they made small talk instead, chatting about their jobs and children.

At 6:45 the next morning, deputies knocked on each of their hotel doors to wake them up for breakfast and a second day of deliberations, Mitchell said.

As the jurors considered the murder charges, Mitchell said, they focused at one point on the exact cause of Floyd’s death. Many jurors said they believed the prosecutors’ version of what had happened — that Chauvin’s knee had caused Floyd’s death — but at least one juror who supported a conviction said she could not be sure that Chauvin’s knee had been the cause. Still, Mitchell recalled, the juror said she believed that the former officer was nonetheless responsible because he had continued to pin Floyd down even after he lost consciousness and never provided medical aid.

After several hours of discussions over a third-degree murder charge, all of the jurors said they favored a conviction, Mitchell said, and after another half an hour, they had agreed on a second-degree murder conviction as well.

Jurors decided to wait until after lunch to fill out the forms that would make their decision official, Mitchell said.

“We didn’t want to rush,” he said. “We took a pause to soak it in and say, ‘This is what we’re about to do.’”

Shortly before 2 p.m., they alerted deputies that they had reached a verdict and were rushed from the hotel to the courtroom, where Judge Peter A. Cahill read the verdict.

Mitchell said that for many of the jurors, including himself, the most powerful witness testimony had come from Dr. Martin J. Tobin, a lung expert who pinpointed what he said was the exact moment that Floyd took his final breath.

“He just had all of our attention 100%,” Mitchell said of Tobin, who testified for the prosecution. “I don’t know if there is any other witness that captured us like that.”

Mitchell said he found the defense team’s case to be weak, lacking in revelatory testimony that might poke holes in the prosecution’s case.

“I was waiting for a moment that was going to be climactic like ‘Wow!’ — a ‘Boom! Aha!’ moment — and it just never happened,” Mitchell said. “Nothing ever hit. It was kind of deflating. It made the case easy.”


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