Cuba has revealed new details about plans to reshape its government, courts and economy with a constitutional reform set to be approved by the national assembly this month. The reform of the 1976 constitution would create the position of prime minister alongside the president, splitting the roles of head of government and head of state.
The constitution keeps the Communist Party as the sole political force in the country and says the communist state will remain the dominant economic force. The constitution does, however, create new recognitions of the free market and private property in Cuban society, and creates a new presumption of innocence in the justice system.
The proposed constitutional reform described in the main state paper yesterday is also expected to be approved in a later national referendum. Officials say the 1976 charter does not reflect changes made in Cuba in recent years.
“The experiences gained in these years of Revolution” and “the new paths mapped out” by the Communist Party are some of the reasons for reforming the constitution, the official Granma newspaper said.
The new constitution will maintain rights such as religious freedom but will also make explicit the principle of non-discrimination due to gender identity. The text released in Granma did not specify to what extent the state would recognize same-sex marriages.