Updated: October 7, 2019 6:27:51 pm
Nobel Peace Prize 2019 Winners List: The 2019 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology was jointly awarded Monday to two Americans and a British scientist, namely William G. Kaelin Jr, Gregg L. Semenza, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe, for their discoveries of “how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability”.
“Oxygen sensing is central to a large number of diseases. The discoveries made by this year’s Nobel Prize laureates have fundamental importance for physiology and have paved the way for promising new strategies to fight anaemia, cancer and many other diseases,” the official Twitter handle of The Nobel Prize tweeted.
Watch the very moment the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is announced.
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— The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) October 7, 2019
It is the 110th prize in the category that has been awarded since 1901. The Karolinska Institutet, which awards the Nobel Prize for Medicine, said in a statement that the trio should share equally the 9 million kronor (918,000 US Dollars) cash award.
Events began Monday with the award announcement for Physiology or Medicine. The Physics and Chemistry prizes will be announced on Tuesday and Wednesday, respectively. This year’s double-header Literature Prizes will be awarded Thursday and the Peace Prize will be announced on Friday. The economics prize will be awarded in the last — on October 14.
“They were extremely happy, and happy to share the prize with each other,” Thomas Perlmann, a member of the Nobel Assembly, was quoted as saying by Reuters as the prize was announced.
The scientists’ work established the basis for understanding of how oxygen levels are sensed by cells – a discovery that is being explored by medical researchers seeking to develop treatments for various diseases that work by either activating or blocking the body’s oxygen-sensing machinery.
Randall Johnson, a professor at Sweden’s Karolinska Institute where the annual prize is awarded, told Reuters that since “oxygen is essential for life and is used by virtually all animal cells,” the work is central to how the body functions.
(With inputs from Reuters)
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