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UPSC Weekly Quiz— November 27 to December 3, 2022

Brush up your current affairs knowledge for this week and consolidate your UPSC-CSE preparation. Find answers along with explanations at the end of the quiz.

upsc, upsc quiz, upsc weekly current affairs quiz,upsc essentials, prelims exams 2023, upsc mains exam 2023, sarkari naukri, government jobsUPSC weekly quiz to brush up your current affairs. (File image)

UPSC Weekly Quiz is a current affairs-based quiz on some relevant topics from the past week curated for the benefit of aspirants of UPSC and other competitive examinations. Attempt weekly quiz every Saturday and find answers to the MCQs with explanation at the end of the article.

Question 1

With reference to DigiYatra, which of the following statements are true?

a) It tracks the search history for trip advice

b) It sends all flights info to airport, to avoid queues

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c) It does facial recognition to link to the boarding pass

d) It lets the phone tap to share tickets with security

Question 2

Which of the following pairs are not correctly matched?
     

      Volcano                        Location

a) Krakatoa                      Indonesia

b) Mount Vesuvius        Italy

c) Eyjafjallajökull          Iceland

d) Mauna Loa                  Brazil

Question 3

Which of the following are not India’s intangible cultural symbols on the UNESCO list yet?

a) Kolkata’s Durga Puja

b) Garba

c) Buddhist chanting of Ladakh

d) Sankirtana

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Question 4

With reference to The Great Barrier Reef, consider the following statements

1. It is located off the coast of Queensland, Australia.

2. It is the world’s largest coral reef system.

Which of the following statements is/are not true?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Question 5

With reference to the Great Indian Bustard, consider the following statements 

1. This large bird, found mainly in Rajasthan and Gujarat, has been categorised as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

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2. Among the heaviest birds with flight, GIBs prefer grasslands as their habitats.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Question 6

Which of the following space missions are not related to Mars?

a) The Viking missions

b) Mariner 4

c) ARTEMIS

d) MAVEN

Question 7

With reference to the Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) — digital rupee or e-rupee (e₹) — for the common man, consider the following statements

1. It is a legal tender issued by the RBI in digital form.

2. It is exchangeable one-to-one with the fiat currency.

3. It will appear as ‘liability’ (currency in circulation) on the RBI’s balance sheet.

a) Only one of the above statements is correct

b) Only two of the above statements are correct

c) All three above statements are correct

d) None of the statement is correct

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Question 8

With reference to the Migration and Development Brief of the World Bank, consider the following statements

1. India’s remittance will grow 12 per cent from 7.5 per cent last year.

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2. Due to global challenges in 2022, remittances to low- and middle-income countries will decline by 5%.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

ANSWERS

1 (c)

FYI

The government has introduced paperless entry at select airports to make air travel hassle-free. Under this initiative, airports will use a facial recognition software called ‘DigiYatra’ for entry. This means, passengers won’t need to carry their ID card and boarding pass.

2 (d)

FYI

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Mauna Loa, the world’s largest active volcano, erupted after 38 years on Sunday (November 27), spewing ash and debris, and covering the night sky of Hawaii’s Big Island in an incandescent red hue.

3 (b)

FYI

Baguette — the staple French bread — was inscribed into the UN’s list of intangible cultural heritage (ICH) on November 30. UNESCO, the international body which aims at promoting peace and cooperation among nations through education, arts, sciences and culture, recognized the “Artisanal know-how and culture of baguette bread” as a world cultural heritage.

What are the criteria for the selection?

There are three criteria for an intangible cultural heritage to be inscribed in the United Nations list. The entity must “(1) be recognized by communities, groups and, in some cases, individuals as part of their cultural heritage, (2) be transmitted from generation to generation and be constantly recreated by communities and groups in response to their environment, their interaction with nature and their history and (3) provide them with a sense of identity and continuity, thus promoting respect for cultural diversity and human creativity,” according to UNESCO report.

What are India’s intangible cultural symbols on the UNESCO list?

This year, India nominated Garba, a traditional dance form that originated in the state of Gujarat, for inscription on UNESCO’s ICH list.

The elements which have been on the representative list of intangible cultural heritage from India in the past decade include Kolkata’s Durga Puja (2021), Kumbh Mela (2017), Navroz (2016), Yoga (2016), traditional brass and copper craft of utensil-making among coppersmiths of Punjab (2014), Sankirtana, a ritual musical performance of Manipur (2013), and the Buddhist chanting of Ladakh (2012).

Before 2011, the list included Chhau dance, Kalbelia folk songs and dance of Rajasthan, and Mudiyettu, a dance drama from Kerala (2010), Ramman, a religious festival and theatre performance of Garhwal in the Himalayas (2009), and Kutiyattam or Sanskrit theatre, and Vedic chanting (2008).

Ramlila, a traditional performance of Ramayana, was also included in 2008.

4 (d)

FYI

On Tuesday (November 29), a joint report by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and UNESCO’s World Heritage Centre (WHC) expressed concern about the status of the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) in Australia, recommending that it “be inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger.”

Located off the coast of Queensland, Australia, the GBR is the world’s largest coral reef system with over 2,900 individual reefs, 900 islands and an area covering approximately 344,400 square kilometres. An irreplaceable part of the global ecosystem, the GBR is one of the biggest biodiversity hotspots in the world as well as one of its largest carbon sinks. For Australia, the GBR is a crucial contributor to the economy, supporting over 64,000 jobs and bringing in billions of annual revenue.

5 (b)

FYI

This large bird, found mainly in Rajasthan and Gujarat, has been categorised as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Among the heaviest birds with flight, GIBs prefer grasslands as their habitats. The terrestrial birds spend most of their time on the ground, feeding on insects, lizards, grass seeds, etc. GIBs are considered the flagship bird species of grassland and hence barometers of the health of grassland ecosystems.

6 (c)

ARTEMIS is related to Moon

FYI

Commemorating the day one of the most significant space missions to Mars was launched, November 28 is marked as Red Planet Day. On this day in 1964, the United States launched the space probe Mariner 4 on a course towards Mars, which it flew past in July 1965, sending back pictures of the red planet.

All other options are related to Mars.

7 (c)

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Thursday launched the Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) — digital rupee or e-rupee (e₹) — for the common man.

What is CBDC or the digital rupee?

CBDC is a legal tender issued by the RBI in digital form. It is the same as the fiat currency, and is exchangeable one-to-one with the fiat currency. Only its form is different — it is not paper (or polymer) like physical cash. It is a fungible legal tender, for which holders need not have a bank account. CBDC will appear as ‘liability’ (currency in circulation) on the RBI’s balance sheet.

The e-rupee will be in the form of a digital token representing a claim on the central bank, and will effectively function as the digital equivalent of a banknote that can be transferred electronically from one holder to another. A token CBDC is a “bearer-instrument” like a banknote, meaning whoever ‘holds’ the tokens at a given point in time will be presumed to own them.

8 (a)

FYI

India is expected to receive a record $100 billion in remittance in 2022, the top recipient this year, the World Bank has said. In its Migration and Development Brief, the World Bank has said India’s remittance will grow 12 per cent from 7.5 per cent last year, resulting in $100 billion flow as compared to $89.4 billion in 2021. It attributed the feat to the large share of Indian migrants earning relatively high salaries in the United States, United Kingdom and East Asia.

However, the report has noted, “Despite reaching a historic milestone at $100 billion and retaining its position as the top recipient of remittances globally, India’s remittance flows are expected to account for only 3 per cent of its GDP in 2022.”

Led by strong performances in India and Nepal, the World Bank has predicted that remittance flows to South Asia this year will grow 3.5 per cent to reach $163 billion in 2022. This is, however, a slowdown from the 6.7 per cent gain of 2021, reflecting “the impact of an amalgam of external global shocks (inflation, slowing demand) in destination and source countries alike, as well as domestic factors.”

The overall remittance growth in South Asia reflects a disparity in individual country results; while India has gained 12 per cent and Nepal 4 per cent, other countries have reported an aggregate decline of 10 per cent, the report states.

The report also says that despite global challenges in 2022, remittances to low- and middle-income countries will grow by 5% to $626 billion.

 

First published on: 03-12-2022 at 18:26 IST
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