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UPSC CSE Key – April 20, 2022: What you need to read today

Exclusive for Subscribers from Monday to Friday: The Indian Express UPSC Key April 20, 2022 will help you prepare for the Civil Services and other competitive examinations with cues on how to read, how to connect the dots and understand content from the most authoritative news source in India.

Written by Priya Kumari Shukla | Hyderabad |
Updated: April 21, 2022 7:18:04 am
upsc key 2022, upsc key May 19 2022, indian express news analysis May 19, express explained upsc content May 19, indian express the hindu news analysis 2022, UPSC KeyUPSC Key 2022: Here's what you should be reading from the May 19, 2022 edition of The Indian Express.

Important topics and their relevance in UPSC CSE exam for April 20, 2022. If you missed the April 19, 2022 UPSC CSE exam key from the Indian Express, read it here

FRONT PAGE

Russians are honouring fertilizer supply agreement, says Govt

Syllabus:

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Preliminary Examination: Economic and Social Development

Mains Examination: General Studies III: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies

Key Points to Ponder:

• Fertilizer Consumption in India

• What is Fertilizer?

• Primary (Macro) Nutrients and Secondary (Micro) Nutrients in Fertiliser-Know the difference

• Know more about Fertiliser Sector in India and Related Policies

• Fertilizer comes under Union List, State List or Concurrent List?

• know the basics-Fertiliser Subsidy

• Subsidy Mechanism in the form of Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT)-know more in detail

• What is the fertiliser requirement of a typical farmer?

• How much subsidy does a farmer really get per acre?

• What is Di-ammonium phosphate (DAP)?

• NPK in Fertilisers-Have you heard of ‘NPK’? What is NPK and Its Ideal Ratio in Fertilizers?

• Advantages of fertigation in agriculture?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 Explained: How fertiliser subsidy works

📍 Explained: Why has the Modi government increased subsidy on DAP?

 

Must ensure traditional Indian medicine meets global standards: PM

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Economic and Social Development

Main Examination: General Studies II: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Key Points to Ponder:

• What is traditional medicine?

• What will the Global Centre for Traditional Medicine (GCTM) be about?

• Why has the World Health Organisation (WHO) felt the need to advance knowledge of traditional medicine?

• Has India taken up similar collaborative efforts earlier?

• Why Jamnagar for Global Centre for Traditional Medicine (GCTM)?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 Traditional, Complementary and Integrative Medicine

 

Honda to Maruti, carmakers eye strong mid-size hybrids to ease switch to EVs

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Economic and Social Development

Mains Examination: General Studies‐III: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Key Points to Ponder:

• Hybrid Technology-What do you understand by this term in the context of Electric Vehicles?

• Know these terms-Battery Electric Vehicle, Hybrid Vehicle, Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle and Fuel Cell Vehicle

• Electric Vehicles Scope in India

• Electric Vehicles in daily use-will be successful in Long run?

• What do you understand by ‘Electric Vehicle’? How it is different?

• Why Government of India is Pushing for adaptation of Electric Vehicles?

• Electric Vehicles-What are the issues and Challenges especially in India’s Scenario?

• India’s Commitment to reduce Carbon Emission like recent advocacy of five elements for climate change- “Panchamrit” at the COP26 in Glasgow

• Transition to electric mobility- pros and cons

• Various Government measures such as remodelled Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles (FAME II) scheme for the consumer side to production-linked incentive (PLI) scheme for Advanced Chemistry Cell (ACC)

• Delhi’s Electric Vehicle Policy-Key Highlights

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 India’s electric vehicle push will lead to brighter, greener future

THE CITY

Among city’s urban poor, unemployment biggest crisis, 76% were out of jobs during pandemic

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Economic and Social Development

Mains Examination:

• General Studies I: Urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

• General Studies II: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Key Points to Ponder:

• What do you understand by the term ‘Urban Poor’?

• Lokniti-CSDS study on urban slums in Delhi-Key Highlights

• ‘Delhi model of governance’, ‘Kerala model of governance’ and Gujrat model of governance’-These expressions often comes in news. What are the key features of said model of governance?

• What do you understand by term ‘Urbanisation’?

• Urbanisation in India-Key Features and Associated Challenges

• Can you name some Schemes by the Government of India for Urban Poverty Alleviation?

• Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana (National Urban Livelihoods Mission)-Key Features

• Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation-Key Features

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 Poverty estimates are a shot in the dark

EXPLAINED

What the increase in MCLR means for you, your loan

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Economic and Social Development

Mains Examination: General Studies III: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment

Key Points to Ponder:

• What is marginal cost of funds-based lending rate or MCLR?

• If banks increase the marginal cost of funds-based lending rate or MCLR, what is its impact on the economy?

• Know about these terms-Bank Rate, Repo Rate, Reverse Repo Rate, Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF), Marginal Standing Facility (MSF), Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR), Standing Deposit Facility (SDF)

• Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS)-Key Provisions

• What do you Understand by the term ‘Credit Growth’?

• Why Credit Growth matters in an Economy?

• What Are Capital Expenditures (CapEx)?

• Why Capital Expenditures (CapEx) is important in an Economy?

• What is credit off-take? How does it affect the Economy?

• What Is Monetary Policy Committee (MPC)?

• Monetary Policy Committee MPC-Importance

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍  Key takeaways from MPC meeting: Repo, Reverse repo rates unchanged, SDF introduced

 

The case against Amway

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Current events of national and international importance

Main Examination: General Studies III: money-laundering and its prevention

Key Points to Ponder:

• What is the ED case about?

• Money-Laundering investigation against Amway by Enforcement Directorate, Why?

• What is the magnitude of the alleged fraud?

• What is Multi-Level Marketing (MLM) Company?

• What is Amway’s Business Model?

• How long has Amway been under probe in India?

• What Is a Pyramid Scheme?

• How Pyramid Schemes Work

• What is a Ponzi Scheme?

• Ponzi vs Pyramid Scheme: What’s the Difference?

• What is Money Laundering and how does it work?

• Money Laundering-Meaning of Placement, Layering and Integration

• Different forms of Money Laundering

• Role of Enforcement Directorate

• Steps Taken by Government of India to Prevent Money Laundering like Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002

• International efforts to Prevent Money Laundering

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 What Is a Pyramid Scheme?

 

Significance of a Corps of Engineers officer as Chief of the Indian Army

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Current events of national and international importance

Main Examination: General Studies‐III: Internal Security and challenges to internal security

Key Points to Ponder:

• Chief of Army Staff-Role, Function and Significance

• Lieutenant General Manoj Pande appointed as the 29th Chief of the Army Staff (COAS)-Why his appointment is historic?

• Appointment of Chief of Army Staff-Who Appoints?

• The Corps of Engineers-Know in Brief

• What is the operational role of the Corps of Engineers?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 Explained: The significance of a Corps of Engineers officer becoming Army Chief

ECONOMY

FM puts in a word with IMF, assures Lanka of ‘cooperation’

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Current events of national and international importance.

Main Examination:

• General Studies II: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

• General Studies II: India and its Neighbourhood- Relations.

Key Points to Ponder:

• International Monetary Fund (IMF)-Objective, History, Role and Functions

• India and International Monetary Fund (IMF)-Key Points

• Economic Crisis-How did Sri Lanka get here?

• What happens with Sri Lanka’s foreign debt?

• What do you know about IMF’s ‘Rapid Credit Facility and Rapid Financing Instrument’?

• What Is a Currency Swap?

• How a Currency Swap Works?

• What Is a Credit Line?

• How Does a Credit Line Work?

• Who is helping Sri Lanka?

• How India is helping Sri Lanka in this crisis Situation?

• ‘Sri Lanka’s current economic crisis predates the “manmade” agriculture disaster’-How far you agree with this statement?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 Sri Lanka economic crisis explained: How did the country get here, who is helping?

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