Today’s Google Doodle celebrates 158th birthday of scientist Jagdish Chandra Bose, who made various contributions in the field of physics, biology and archaeology. However, he is best known for his work in biophysics and science of plants. The Doodle shows him in his laboratory with a plant and crescograph: his invention to analyse plant responses to different stimuli and measure growth. This particular invention helped in better understanding of cultivation of crops.
In lay man’s terms, JC Bose is known to have shown the world that plants have life, and that plants are also sensitive to heat, cold, light, noise and various other external stimuli.
In fact, Bose also made significant contributions in the field of radio and microwave sciences and was named one of the fathers of radio science by Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). In addition, he was also named the father of Bengali science fiction as he was among the early writers of the genre.
Bose was born in 1858 in Mymensingh, which is now in Bangladesh, and was brought up in a family with Indian traditions. He studied physics at Calcutta university, went to Cambridge for his Bachelor’s degree, and returned to India in 1884 where he continued his research.
Reportedly, it wasn’t easy for Bose’s family to send him to Cambridge because of their financial status but his father wanted him to become a scholar. He was also denied access to laboratories because of his race, under the British rule, after he became professor of Physics at University of Calcutta.
He passed away in 1937, but before that he set up the Bose Institute in then Calcutta (now Kolkata), which is one of the oldest and premier research institutes. The man who was awarded multiple times in his career as a scientist was also elected the Fellow of the Royal Society in 1920.
Interestingly, a crater on the far side of the moon has been named after him; the Bose Crater is reportedly located close to Crater Bhabha and Crater Adler and has a diameter of 91km. It was named after him for his contribution in the field of wireless telecommunication.