Mechanical keyboards are go-to peripherals that any typist, gamer or even general computer enthusiasts will swear by. But what are mechanical keyboards and how are they different from your average desktop keyboards? What are the benefits they offer and more importantly, why are they more expensive? Let’s begin by understanding the two types of desktop keyboards.
The typical keyboard that you probably used in your school’s IT lab, at your office desktop or even the default keyboard that came with your assembled computer is called a membrane keyboard. Membrane keyboards are connected by a mesh-like layer of wires underneath the keys we type on. These kinds of keyboards are also called rubber-dome keyboards.
Every time we hit a key on such a keyboard, the metal end below the typing surface of the key hits the membrane mesh below, completing one of many parallel circuits and registering a press of that key. The switches themselves are very simple on most membrane keyboards and have no real feedback while typing, except for the reverse force you feel when you have pressed a key all the way to the end.
A membrane keyboard switch hence is just like a light switch, where the switch can either be on or off, without any feedback during the transition.
Mechanical keyboards are different, more so at the switches themselves. Instead of a simple spring-loaded switch that just goes all the way up and down, mechanical keyboard switches come with a mechanical spring-loaded switch. This provides a mid-point between the switch being pressed and not pressed.
When you type on a mechanical keyboard, the mid-point offers a ‘click’ when you press down the switch. Pressing further beyond the click does get you to the bottom of the switch structure, but the key is registered right at the click, also known as the actuation point. This basically means that in such a keyboard you needn’t always press all the way down to register the key.
There are various types of mechanical keyboard switches. These included blue switches, the most commonly used ones, known for their high tactile feedback and accompanying loud clicky sound. There are also brown switches that offer slightly less feedback and make lesser noise.
Then there are red switches that are practically silent and have no tactile feedback (making them very similar to traditional membrane keyboards in terms of the feel).
These are some of the popular switch types, but there are also silver switches that have a low actuation distance of 1.2mm, primarily used for gaming. The right switch for you will be determined by your use case.
Mechanical Keyboards offer more tactile feedback, where you can actually tell conveniently if a key has registered or not thanks to the clicky sound and feel halfway through the travel. This results in a comfortable typing experience that is also precise. Since you can half-press a key and still register it, users are less likely to make typos on mechanical keyboards once they grow accustomed to it, especially when touch-typing (Typing without looking at the keyboard, relying entirely on muscle memory).
Apart from the better typing experience, some mechanical keyboards also offer customisation options where each key of the keyboard can be removed and replaced. This lets gamers, for instance, replace the ‘WASD’ keys and other gaming keys with a different coloured surface. Being able to replace individual keys on such boards also means users need not throw away a keyboard when one key stops working.
Another less-talked-about aspect of mechanical keyboards is the build quality, which is much superior to stock membrane/ rubber-dome keyboards. The mechanical nature of the switches ensures that mechanical keyboards last for years and continue to look and feel just as good over time.
There are a number of cons to using mechanical keyboards as well, which don’t make them ideal for everybody. Mechanical keyboards are usually expensive next to a membrane keyboard. They are also bulky and heavy with mechanical switches, and could even weigh twice as much as a regular keyboard.
Plus mechanical keyboards make more sound than membrane keyboards because of the clicky switches. However, this is not true for all switches. Blue switches, the most common mechanical keyboard switches are notorious for their loud clicky sound, which can quickly get annoying for you and also co-workers sitting nearby.
This is also why Blue-switch mechanical keyboards don’t make good office keyboards. However, you can consider brown or red switches for lesser sound (also at the cost of lesser tactile feedback).
Mechanical keyboards are great, but they may not be for everyone. If you’re a typist by profession, mechanical keyboards can be game-changing. Everyone from journalists to copywriters and even gamers prefer mechanical keyboards due to their tactile feel and superior build quality.
However, if you are reliant on a keyboard is for basic typing such as data entry, then maybe you don’t really need a mechanical keyboard. At the end of the day, whether you need to get a keyboard upgrade will come down to personal preference. But if you do make the switch to mechanical keyboards, remember that going back to membrane keyboards will be hard.