Total Solar Eclipse 2019 Highlights: Chile, Argentina witness celestial phenomenonhttps://indianexpress.com/article/technology/science/solar-eclipse-july-2019-live-updates-5811299/

Total Solar Eclipse 2019 Highlights: Chile, Argentina witness celestial phenomenon

Total Solar Eclipse July 2019 Today Time in India LIVE Updates: This will be the only total solar eclipse that will be taking place in 2019. The eclipse will only be visible in a narrow zone of the Pacific Ocean and South America.

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NASA and ESA live streamed the total solar eclipse on their channels. (Photo: NASA)

A Total Solar Eclipse swept through the South Pacific and parts of South America starting 10.25 IST, which according to National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was estimated to be 4 minutes 33 seconds long. This was the only Total Solar Eclipse of 2019.

The Total Solar Eclipse was not visible in India, however, you can stream the eclipse live online. The partial eclipse started at 12:55 pm EDT, which was 10:25 PM IST (Indian Standard Time) and the full eclipse began at 11:31 pm at the first location to see the full eclipse and lasted till 12:52 am on July 3 at the last location. A solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between the Earth and the sun and scores a bull’s eye by completely blocking out the sunlight. Total eclipses are relatively rare for a particular spot.

Live Blog

'Diamond ring' effect before totality

European Space Agency witnesses 'diamond ring' effect just before totality.

At NASA, astronauts catch a glimpse of corona

At NASA, astronauts catch a glimpse of corona. The space centre shares a photograph. A corona is an aura of plasma that surrounds the Sun and other stars.

First images of Total Solar Eclipse

First images of Total Solar Eclipse.

NASA live streams the Solar Eclipse

NASA too live streams the Solar Eclipse.  Live coverage of NASA TV shows the moon obscuring the sun over South America.

The Solar Eclipse begins

The Solar Eclipse begins. Watch LIVE.

European Space Agency to live stream Solar Eclipse

European Space Agency to live stream Solar Eclipse.

ESA astronomers all set for Solar Eclipse at ESO La Silla Observatory

ESA astronomers are getting set up for Solar Eclipse at ESO La Silla Observatory.

ESA shares photographof total Solar Eclipse over USA in 2017

On 21 August, 2017,  from 400 km above Earth’s surface, the astronauts on the Space Station saw the Moon’s shadow move across the surface of Earth. ESA shares photograph.

Chile to witness celestial phenomenon

Northern Chile is known for clear skies and some of the largest, most powerful telescopes on Earth are being built in the area, turning the South American country into a global astronomy hub. "In the past 50 years, we've only had two eclipses going over observatories. So one when it happens and an observatory lies in the path of totality, it really is special for us,'' said Elyar Sedaghati, an astronomer working as a fellow at the European Southern Observatory in Paranal, Chile. (AP)

How does Total Solar eclipse occur?

Total solar eclipses occur thanks to the fact that the Moon’s average distance from Earth is just right for it to appear as the same size in the sky as the significantly larger and more distant Sun. When the Moon slides directly between Earth and the Sun it appears to cover our star completely, temporarily blocking out its light and creating a total solar eclipse for those along the narrow path cast by the Moon’s shadow. (ESA)

First landfall in Chile at 10.25 pm IST

The eclipse is expected to make its first landfall in Chile at 3:22 p.m. (1922 GMT) in La Serena, a city of some 200,000 people where the arrival of more than 300,000 visitors forced the local water company to increase output and service gas stations to store extra fuel. Police and health services were also reinforced. The total eclipse will begin there at 4:38 p.m. and last about 2{ minutes.

Total Solar Eclipse: A rare phenomenon

In 2017, millions of people in the United States witnessed the phenomena, with a full solar eclipse visible in parts of 14 states and a partial eclipse seen in nearly the entire country. It was the first such widespread eclipse in the US since 1918. 

In Pics | Scientists, star gazers prepare ahead of Total Solar Eclipse

Total Solar Eclipse to begin at 10.25 pm IST

Millions are expected to gaze at the cosmic spectacle that will begin at 10:24 a.m. local time (1824 GMT) in the South Pacific and sweep along a path 6,800 miles (11,000 kilometres) across open waters to Chile and Argentina, the only places that the total eclipse will be seen aside from an uninhabited island out in the ocean.

This is the only total solar eclipse of 2019

This is the first and the only total solar eclipse of 2019. It will last for four minutes and 33 seconds. Since this solar eclipse will be occurring at a time when it is going to be night here in India, the solar eclipse will not be visible in our country.

The Eclipse will eventually end in Río de la Plata and Uruguay

The path of totality will eventually come to an end just before reaching the Río de la Plata and Uruguay and then it will lift off the earth at sunset and return back to space.

Where will the solar eclipse begin?

The solar eclipse’s umbra will be in contact with the earth for a total of 161 minutes. But, only during its final four minutes, will it make a second landfall reaching central Chile at 04:39 PM local time. From there, the shadow will go towards the east-southeast direction through central Argentina.

What has been prognosticated?

It was originally prognosticated that a wave of low pressure would put a deck of cloud cover over the coastline with the sun hovering just above the water. This can easily be blotted out by the coastal overcast. However, forecasts favour sunshine in most of the Chilean zone. But, dropping temperatures instigated by the eclipse could build clouds near the water.

Only a narrow zone of the Pacific Ocean and South America will be able to view the eclipse

The solar eclipse will be going through a 6,000-mile path, however, only a narrow zone of the Pacific Ocean and South America comes in the path of totality

What glasses to use to view the upcoming solar eclipse?

If you are in a part of the world where you can view the solar eclipse from. Do not see it with naked eyes. You are recommended to use solar eclipse glasses to see the event. Viewing it with ordinary sunglasses or polaroid filters might damage your retina.

Exploratorium museum will stream the eclipse live on its website

Exploratorium museum will stream the Solar Eclipse live from the National Science Foundation’s Cerro Tololo Observatory in Chile. The live stream will kick off at 12:23pm PST (12:53 am India time).

Exploratorium museum will stream the eclipse live on its website

Exploratorium museum will stream the Solar Eclipse live from the National Science Foundation’s Cerro Tololo Observatory in Chile. The live stream will kick off at 12:23pm PST (12:53 am India time).

Where will the total solar eclipse be visible from?

The solar eclipse will start from 4,000 km east-northeast of Wellington, New Zealand, from where it will make the second landfall reaching central Chile. From there, the shadow will go towards east-southeast direction through central Argentina and will eventually come to an end just before reaching Uruguay.

The total solar eclipse will be visible from parts of Chile and Argentina only. A partial solar eclipse will be visible in countries like Ecuador, Brazil, Uruguay, and Paraguay.

What is a solar eclipse?

A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon is between the Sun and Earth so that the visible disk of the Sun is blocked by the Moon casting a shadow on the Earth’s surface. In the case of a total solar eclipse, the Moon completely blocks the Sun’s light.

Most of the solar eclipse will be happening over the South Pacific Ocean. The partial eclipse will start at 12:55 pm EDT, which is 10:25 pm IST (Indian Standard Time).

As per Indian Standard Time, the full eclipse will begin at 11:31 pm on July 2 at the first location to see the full eclipse and last till 12:52 am on July 3 at the last location to see the full eclipse.