Naraka Chaturdashi 2018: Date in India, Puja Vidhi, Muhurat, Time: Narak Chaturdashi is celebrated on the 14th day of the waning moon in the month of Kartik. The festival is also known as Narak Chaudas, Roop Chaudas or even Kali Chaudas. Hindus worship the God of death, Yamraj on this auspicious day. The festival also marks the defeat of demon Narkasur by Goddess Kali and Lord Krishna. Narak Chaturdashi is also celebrated as the second day of the five days long Diwali festival. It is called Choti Diwali as it marks the night before the grand Diwali celebrations.
The day begins with an age-old ritual of Abhyang Snan, a holy bath taken before the sunrise. People wake up early in the morning to perform the holy bath with ubtan made up of sesame oil, Gulab Jal (Rose Water) and Ganga Jal before the sunrise. Hence, it is also termed as Roop Chaudas or Roop Chaturdashi. The holy bath is believed to bless the devotes with heaven after their death.
On this day, there is also a specific mahurat called Nisheeth kaal, where all the useless and waste stuff from the house is thrown out. This tradition symbolises the removal of poverty and bad health. Later after the sunset, the house and porch are decorated with diyas and candles to welcome the Goddess of wealth, Laxmi. As per Drikpanchang.com, the Muharat timings of Narak Chaturdashi are given below:
Abhyang Snan Muhurta — 04:59 to 06:40
Duration — 1 Hour 41 Mins
Chaturdashi Tithi Begins — 23:46 on 5/Nov/2018
Chaturdashi Tithi Ends — 22:27 on 6/Nov/2018
People celebrate Narak Chaturdashi or Choti Diwali by distributing sweets to friends and family. Some also believe that shopping gold, silver and other precious things is auspicious on this day just like Dhanteras.