By the age of five or six, kids should ideally be able to tell time to the hour and half past the hour and understand the respective hands on the clock. Following these simple tips will help your child learn how to tell time.
Start with the basics
Start by introducing to your child the general concepts of time — morning, afternoon, evening and night. Talk about the activities associated with these hours of the day, like having breakfast in the morning or sleeping at night.
Teach them to count
Kids should be able to count till 60 before they can tell time. So, keep practicing it with your child. Explain the concept of hour, minute and seconds to kids.
Analogue clocks would be a good way to introduce your child to the concept of reading time. Start pointing out to your child the time on the clock at a given moment and show them what the hands on the clock look like at that time.
Give toy clocks, read books
To make it easier for your child to practice, make them a paper clock or give a toy clock and use it to explain the concept of reading time. You can also pick up some children’s books on time like The Clock Struck One or Tell the Time and read them with your child.
Explain the ‘hour’ and ‘minute’ hand
Show your child how the hour and minute hands move according to time so that they are able to relate to each number on the clock to an hour of the day. Keep the minute hand on 12 o’clock and show how time changes as the hour hand moves from one number to the other.
Teach how to read minutes
Explain to your child how each number on the clock is a multiple of five. Show how to read the movement of the minute hand. This can be followed by teaching them to read hour and minute simultaneously.