Just Rs 999: 1-year pack + offers

Journalism of Courage

Delhi-based artist Manjunath Kamath on what makes 18th century Pahari painter Manaku’s The Power of Darkness essential viewing

Making art accessible to children, one artist and one artwork at a time

artwork, artworks for kids, paintings, paintings for children, making children understand art, The Power of Darkness by Pahari painter Manaku, art, parenting, indian express news'The Power of Darkness' by 18th century Pahari painter Manaku. (Image credit: Manaku of Guler by BN Goswamy (Niyogi Books)); courtesy: Manjunath Kamath

ARTWORK: The Power of Darkness 

ARTIST: Manaku; From the Bhagawata purana series, ca. 1740-1745,  opaque watercolour and gold on paper

WHERE CAN IT BE VIEWED: State Museum, Lucknow


Subscriber Only Stories

The 18th century Pahari painter Manaku from Guler (Himachal Pradesh) is one of the miniature painters I have come to admire the most. Manaku hailed from an illustrious family of Pahari painter, his father Pandit Seu and his younger brother Nainsukh were much celebrated. Manaku, though lesser known at the time of his death, is today acknowledged and recognised as an exponent of the Pahari school of painting.

My initiation into art education, like most others, was through learning about western and European — modern as well as contemporary — art. Indian classical art, courtesy the Euro-centric view, was sidelined and categorised as craft. After my exposure to these gems of Indian manuscript paintings at the Victoria & Albert Museum, I was drawn to studying these art forms in depth, the idea of storytelling, the poetic narration and liberated perspective contrary to the scientific/realistic perspective much preferred by academic art. These paintings and sculptures offered a new world of pictorial freedom as compared to the realistic, logical narration we were more familiar with.

Once you get an opportunity to see Manakus initial drawings and unfinished paintings, you realise that they are unparalleled with regard to the raw energy, forcefulness of drawings and unhesitating lines. It almost feels akin to witnessing the artist’s thought process.

Here I have chosen the painting titled The Power of Darkness. I loved this artwork even before I got a chance to learn more about Manaku through BN Goswamy’s remarkable book Manaku of Guler (2017) A reproduction of this painting remains

pinned to my working table for many years. It has had a tremendous influence on my work. 


In this painting, Manaku illustrates a theme that has never been illustrated before. He illustrates the creatures of darkness from the Bhagavata Purana. As the text narrates, Among Brahmas innumerable creations was not only gods and demi-gods

and humans but also ghosts and goblins. These creatures took over Brahmas body, called yawning which he then abandoned. By that body is created that sense of complete sluggishness of senses known as sleep among the living beings.”

Manaku uses his remarkable narrative intelligence, without any precedent to follow, to give form to this magnificent painting. In a cloud of unknown darkness, one sees creatures of the dark lurking everywhere. The clouds hang, dark, eerie and looming, and from behind them materialise these mythical, fantastic creatures appearing to play hide and seek — no figure is complete, they are seen only in parts.


Manaku gives this story a visual form with unprecedented and astonishing boldness. He had a brilliance for visualising abstract thought and combining pre-existing forms to create images of uncanny originality.

Known to present an alternate view and reconstructing historical iconography, Manjunath Kamath’s diverse oeuvre ranges from terracotta to painting and digital art. His figurative narratives often borrow from fables, folktales and myths and transport them to the contemporary world 

For all the latest Parenting News, download Indian Express App.

First published on: 23-11-2022 at 13:08 IST
Next Story

NEET UG Counselling 2022: Mop up round registrations deferred

Next Story