February 26, 1976, Forty Years Agohttps://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/february-26-1976-forty-years-ago/

February 26, 1976, Forty Years Ago

Today in history

House Supreme

Union Law Minister H.R. Gokhale favours the setting up of a parliamentary committee to decide whether a particular piece of legislation was against the Constitution or not. He does not want the courts to determine the question of ultra vires. Gokhale, who was talking informally to newsmen, said that in the UK no court could declare a law passed by Parliament invalid. The law minister made it plain that the view that the power of the courts to declare laws ultra vires should be curtailed was his personal opinion. So was his view that a parliamentary body be set up to decide on the question. In reply to a question, Gokhale said the parliamentary body in his view ought to place its report before Parliament for a final say on the matter. The basic assumption in Gokhale’s stand was that Parliament is supreme in passing a law and saying that it is valid.

Deng’s Disgrace

Former US President Richard Nixon visited China’s Tsinghua University and heard an official there explain why the former first Vice Prime Minister Deng Xiaoping was again in disgrace. “Mr Deng was a capitalist roader who was sharply criticised by the people during the Cultural Revolution and who does not want to repent,” the official told Nixon. “As long as they correct their mistakes we welcome them back. Whether they do that depends on them. At present the debate is in full swing… under the centralised leadership of the party, step by step,” he said. The comments to Nixon by Chi, who is chairman of the university’s revolutionary committee, was the first confirmation by a Chinese official of Deng’s disgrace.

Habeas Corpus Case

The Supreme Court reserved its judgment in the habeas corpus case. Hearing in the

case began on December 15, 1975 and ended on February 25, 1976 after Additional Solicitor-General V.P. Raman concluded his arguments.