November 7, 1978, Forty Years Ago: Delhi Violencehttps://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/editorials/november-7-1978-forty-years-ago-delhi-violence-5436443/

November 7, 1978, Forty Years Ago: Delhi Violence

Front page of The Indian Express on November 7, 1978

Front page of The Indian Express on November 7, 1978

Delhi experienced another day of violence and destruction of buses as Akalis pursued their fight against Nirankaris. The police reportedly fired 10 rounds of teargas to disperse a slogan-shouting crowd of Akalis in parts of West Delhi. the police claimed that order had been restored in West, South and New Delhi, a spokesman observed that the situation in North Delhi continued to be “uncertain” following the cremation of the three persons killed in violence on Monday. The scene of confrontations between rebel Akalis and police shifted from New Delhi to North Delhi with the cremation of the Akali leader, Jathedar Avtar Singh Kohli, and two Sikh youths at Nigambodh Ghat. In response to the call given by their leaders, several hundred Akalis had gathered at Gurudwara Nanak Piao in Rana Pratap Bagh, where the police handed over the body of the dead Akali leader to the family at noon.

Military Govt In Iran

In the face of growing violence in Tehran, the Shah of Iran appointed a “provisional” military government led by the Armed Forces Chief of Staff, General Gholamreza Azhari. Azhari replaces civilian premier Jaafar Sharif-Emami, who resigned after 10 turbulent weeks in office. Announcing the changes, the Shah said the tragic events which had set Tehran ablaze could no longer be tolerated. The new government, he said, had been appointed in order to prevent the country’s collapse into anarchy. Appealing for calm, the Shah said that in future, the Iranian government would be divorced from tyranny and would rule on the basis of the constitution and social justice.

Akali Protests

To protest the Centre’s attitude on the Akali-Nirankari issue, the Akali Dal decided to recall its two ministers from the Union Cabinet. They are Surjit Singh Barnala, agriculture minister, and Dhanna Singh Gulshan, minister of state for education.

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