The Supreme Court Bar Association wanted the parliamentary system of government to be maintained. This view was expressed by C.K. Daphtary, president of the association, to the Swaran Singh committee which was consulting a cross-section of the country’s opinion on the committee’s proposal for reshaping the Constitution. Daphtary said no changes proposed by the Swaran Singh panel should be made during the Emergency. Any such amendment could be effected by the Parliament, if necessary, only after securing the mandate through a general election for the purpose of the amendment. The majority view of the association on the power of judicial review on the constitutional validity of any legislation enacted by Parliament or a state legislature was that the decision of the Supreme Court by a two-third majority was impracticable and unwise. It should be by a simple majority as contemplated in Article 145 (5) of the Constitution.
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The reunification of North and South Vietnam was likely to be completed in about a month, the visiting foreign minister of the provisional revolutionary government of South Vietnam, Nguyen Thi Binh, stated in New Delhi. She added in a month’s time the national assembly will meet to adopt the constitution for the reunified country and nominate the government.
PM On USSR, US
Indira Gandhi said India’s initiatives on diplomatic relations with China and Pakistan would not affect Indo-Soviet relations. In an interview, she said India was grateful to the Soviet Union for the understanding it had shown of this country’s problems and difficulties, but Indo-Soviet relations were not opportunistic. These were based on a clear and realistic appraisal of what is mutually beneficial, she said. On Indo-US relations, she said India had no quarrel with the US as such.