The coalition between Likud and Kadima may look odd but it could prove beneficial to Israel
JERUSALEM Monday morning,I was on the phone with Doron Avital,a smart,if quirky Knesset back-bencher from the Kadima Party. The announcement that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahus Likud Party was forming a grand coalition with Kadima was still a day away.
Avital is one of a small group of former commanders of the General Staff Reconnaissance Unit,Sayeret Matkal,Israels legendary commando unit. Netanyahu was an officer in it; Defence Minister Ehud Barak is a former commander; and the head of Kadima,Shaul Mofaz,is a former deputy commander. But as the latter three were plotting to stun Israel with the boldest political move of the decade cancelling the September 4 election and forming a unity government Avital was still in the dark and getting ready for a primary battle.
Are you sure you want to do this, I asked him half-jokingly. Polls say that if elections were held today,Kadima would only hold on to 11 to 13 seats. That seemed like a lost cause; a loss was likely for Avital. The problem with you, he quipped,is that you read yesterdays news instead of reading tomorrows. In retrospect,his remark seems prophetic,but he was as surprised by tomorrows news as I. It was an astonishing announcement.
Mofaz,the head of Kadima,negotiated secretly with Netanyahu and dragged the largest opposition party into the coalition. The all-but-formalised decision to go to the polls was cancelled at 2 am. The ruling government will remain in place for another year-and-a-half. The ruling parliamentary coalition will be one of the largest in Israels history.
Its the kind of majority that can do anything; the kind of majority that makes ones democratic impulses itch. The opposition was not outlawed,but it is totally paralysed. The coalition can do whatever it wants. It can curb the power of the courts,as some members would very much like it to do. It can provide the prime minister with the backing to strike Iran. It can do nothing. Or it can be a unique opportunity to do some good,to make unusual things happen.
The ideological differences between the Likud and the Kadima parties are not great,and having a coalition that is very stable namely,a coalition in which no party can force the hand of the majority by threatening to quit might prove beneficial to the publics greater good.
Israelis have long complained that the electoral system gives too much power to the smaller parties. They have long yearned for a coalition strong enough to make some necessary painful changes like getting rid of the arrangement that gives the ultra-Orthodox a pass from military service. Netanyahu and Mofaz,appearing Tuesday at a joint press conference,promised to do exactly that.
That is an agenda befitting a coalition of such scope. But the proof will be in the pudding: for such coalition to be justified,Avitals tomorrows news has to also be about reforms and changes. Netanyahus scary majority can be justified only if the agenda it promotes is also scary in scope and ambition.
Shmuel Rosner is an editor and columnist based in Tel Aviv,and senior political editor of The Jewish Journal