An official survey has revealed that the unemployment rate during the five year period ending 2009-10 has fallen from 3.8 per cent to 2.8 per cent across cities and towns.
The findings have been released by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO),based on the eighth quinquennial survey on employment and unemployment conducted in the 66th round of NSS during July 2009 to June 2010.
Even as most cities and towns did well,unemployment rate rose sharply in Agra,Ludhiana and Meerut,the study showed.
The unemployment rate in Agra rose to 5.5 per cent in 2009-10 from 0.2 per cent in 2004-05,while in Ludhiana it increased to 6.3 per cent from 1.2 per cent over the same period. In Meerut,unemployment surged to 3.9 per cent from 2.1 per cent in the same period.
The maximum unemployment percentage was witnessed in Patna and Kanpur at 13.2 per cent and 7.7 per cent respectively in 2009-10. The lowest rate of unemployment was recorded in Bhopal at 0.1 per cent followed by Surat at 0.6 per cent and Indore at 0.8 per cent in 2009-10.
The NSSO survey covered over 7,402 villages and 5,252 urban blocks spread over 1,00,957 households (59,129 in rural areas and 41,828 in urban areas) and enumerating 4,59,784 persons (2,81,327 in rural areas and 1,78,457 in urban areas).
The proportion of employed men in 2009-10 was 73 per cent for class-1 cities and 74 per cent for class-2 towns and about 76 per cent for class-3 towns. These proportion for women were – 17 per cent for class-1 cities,18 per cent for class-2 towns and nearly 21 per cent for class-3 towns.