When Franklin Templetons India unit wanted to launch a mutual fund that would switch allocation among stocks,bonds,gold and money markets,the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) baulked,deeming it too risky for domestic investors,according to the company.
The market regulator is wielding an unprecedented level of control over how mutual funds operate,delaying new launches and dictating investment strategy,frustrated insiders in the embattled industry say. Sebis scrutiny adds to the challenges for the mutual fund industry that has endured a steady stream of redemptions from equity funds in recent years.
Even as stocks hit record highs,most of Indias 47 asset management firms are unprofitable and have underperformed the broader index so far this year. Sebi is trying to tell us what to do from an investment perspective,which we dont necessarily agree with, said Vivek Kudva,who heads India,Central Europe,the Middle East and Africa for the Franklin Templeton Investments unit of US-based Franklin Resources Inc.
After months of back and forth with the regulator early this year,the proposed fund was eventually shelved.
If they dont approve it,we are stuck, Kudva said.
Equity fund assets under management have fallen from a peak of $30.8 billion in December 2007 to $24 billion last month,after net outflows in four of the last five years.
Sebis hands-on approach under its chairman,UK Sinha,who took the top job in 2011 after running Indias oldest mutual fund firm,government-backed UTI Asset Management,marks a break from past practice at the agency.
Sinha has publicly railed against underperforming fund houses and the asset management sectors failure to lure more investors into stocks. Partly as a result of that,new open-ended fund launches are down sharply,to 48 from the beginning of 2012 through October 2013,from 105 during the two-year period ending in 2011. During the same periods,129 and 140 applications,respectively,were filed.
We end up spending time and resources coming up with strategies our investors want,only for it to be modified beyond recognition or delayed to the point of no return, said the chief executive of a mid-sized asset management company who declined to be identified.
(It) is killing us, the manager said. Sebi officials acknowledged that they have become tougher on fund launches. I think its a good thing that launches have come down. The regulator doesnt want a repeat of 2008, Sinha recently said. In 2008,many small fund investors lost money when the market collapsed amid the global crisis,and the industry has been accused by the regulator of rampant mis-selling.
* Industry insiders say that the Sebi wields an unprecedented control over how MFs operate,delaying new launches
* Sebi says that it doesnt want a repeat of 2008 when the industry was accused of rampant mis-selling by the regulator.