Competition is again hotting up in the home loan segment. With home sales falling,banks and housing finance companies are on an overdrive to expand their credit portfolio,leading to claims and counter-claims. Even as other PSU banks have quietly started following the SBI way to freeze home loan rates at 8 per cent for one year,some other entrenched players in the business are not so happy.
Clearly,at a time when the economy is going through a sharp slowdown,state-owned banks are taking the lead to give a boost to key manufacturing businesses such as steel and cement. A day after HDFC chairman Deepak Parekh termed the SBI move as a gimmick,HDFC officials on Wednesday claimed that the 20-year weighted average of rates by SBI came to 9.94 per cent whereas HDFC was offering home loans at 9.75 per cent.
When the 8 per cent offer ends at the end of the year,customers could see rates rising by 23 per cent to around 10.25 per cent from 8 per cent. This could upset the repayment plans of customers, said an official. But,SBI countered this by saying there were significant gains to be made in the first year itself.
As per the SBI scheme,interest rates which will be frozen at 8 per cent for a year will revert to those under specific slabs. Now other PSU banks have also started offering the same package with Central Bank of India coming out with a similar scheme on Tuesday. But another official at a state-owned bank said,If interest rates continue to drop,the rate for customers next year too would be lower.
According to an official of another mortgage financier,as SBI has put a deadline of April 30,2009 for availing of the package,its clear that they are targeting the existing customers of other banks and companies. You cant identify a home in a month. A genuine home buyer will need a couple of months to select a house. Otherwise they would have given time for a year or two, he said.
An SBI executive said,Most private banks have cut rates only nominally. The interest rates of foreign banks and private banks continues to be at 12-13 per cent levels even after significant easing of key policy rates.
Rising interest rates in the last couple of years have been impacting borrowers with extended maturities. While India is an 80 per cent floating-rate mortgage market,mortgages are mainly to the salaried class and most properties are owner-occupied. So delinquencies have been low less than 2 per cent.
Besides,many banks,especially the state-owned banks,have adjusted the recent reduction in rates for existing customers in the special product discount scheme. In the case of SBI and others,out of 100 per cent discount they offered earlier,they have adjusted 75 basis points. The PSU home loan package which offers loans at 8.50 per cent for 5 years could cost them dearly as nobody can predict the rate movement over a five-year period, said a banking source.
Ramnath Pradeep,executive director of Central Bank of India,said this was in line with the government policy to boost retail housing sector and channelise more credit to small borrowers who could not afford costly housing accommodation. SBI officials defended the package saying the move was aimed at boosting the demand and building its home loan portfolio. SBI reported 22 per cent rise in home loans during the quarter ended December 2008. HDFCs disbursements during the 9-month period ended December rose 22 per cent to Rs 27,211 crore.