Robots replace chefs,farm labourers in Chinahttps://indianexpress.com/article/news-archive/web/robots-replace-chefs-farm-labourers-in-china/

Robots replace chefs,farm labourers in China

Hundreds of small chinese restaurants now use robot chefs as they cook faster and are cost-effective

Heralding a new era of machines,robots are becoming increasingly popular in China,replacing humans in most hard-labour jobs,including chefs in restaurants.

Hundreds of small Chinese restaurants are now using robots which don the role of traditional cooks,dishing out a set menu at a faster and cheaper rate than their human counterparts.

Robots in chef uniforms work with a firm dough; shooting noodles into boiling water in see-through kitchens is becoming a common site in many restaurants in Beijing and elsewhere.

“It’s cost-effective,” said a roadside restaurateur,Zhao. “A cook doing this job usually asks for 40,000 yuan ($6,400) a year. I bought the robot last month for 10,000 yuan ($1,600). It does a good job,” he told Xinhua news agency.

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Inventor of the robot,Cui Runquan,a 38-year-old farmer from neighboring Hebei Province,said he has sold robots like this to more than 3,000 restaurants across China since launching the mechanical avatar in 2010.

He obtained his first patent in 2010,for a mechanical arm,and now has four patents for his invention. As wages grow by 10 to 20 per cent annually in China,age of machines is dawning.

From small restaurants to big factories,the advent of relatively cheap robots is beginning to change the country’s economic landscape.

Industrial robots,with more sophisticated designs than the robot chefs,are entering Chinese factories to take on jobs like welding,painting,ironing and packaging.

“Next year,China is expected to become the world’s biggest robot market,with demand for 32,000 industrial robots,” said Zhao Jie,an expert on the subject for China’s 863 Programme,a state high-tech initiative.

“Chinese companies usually start considering robots when the payment for a skilled worker exceeds 50,000 yuan ($8,060) a year,” Tan Xueke,a manager of the Xinsong Robot Automation Company said.

As for threats to Chinese jobs,experts say it all depends how fast engineers bring down the cost of robots,and meanwhile,how fast China’s labour force shrinks. Five years ago,a welding robot sold for 500,000 yuan ($80,600),more than three times their price now,according to Tan. China experienced a rare decline in its labour force in 2012,the number of working-age people (15-59 year olds) in the country decreasing by 3.45 million to 937.27 million.

The trend of an ageing population is set to pose challenges to the world’s second-largest economy.