With CAG criticising its decisions on RIL’s KG-D6 block,the Oil Ministry has told a high-powered Parliamentary Committee that it was guided by DGH advice when it waived a key clause to allow the firm to retain the entire 7,645 sq km block beyond contractual deadlines.
Reliance Industries was to relinquish 25 per cent of the gas-bearing KG-D6 block in 2004 and a similar area in 2006 but the Directorate General of Hydrocarbons (DGH),which was at that time headed by V K Sibal,concluded that hydrocarbon prospectivity “extends over entire block and hence no block area needed to be relinquished.”
A committee headed by the then Additional Secretary in the Oil Ministry,S Sundareshan,too upheld the DGH advice,the ministry said in a 140-page response to Public Accounts Committee (PAC) headed by senior BJP leader Murli Manohar Joshi,that is scrutinising CAG report.
“The Ministry relied on the technical input of DGH,the competent technical body appointed by Government for exploration and production operations,” the ministry said in response to exhaustive questionnaire put by PAC. RIL is however “permitted to produce (oil or/and gas) from only a limited ‘Development Area’ decided at the time of approval of field development plan (FDP)” and excess area will be relinquished,it said.
While the CAG had criticised the decision to allow RIL to retain the entire block as violation of the contract,the ministry said RIL had “carried out exploratory programme much more than what was committed” in the Phase-1 ending in 2004. RIL drilled 10 wells instead of its obligation to do only one and did 250 per cent more 3D seismic survey. While all the 10 wells were gas bearing,RIL spend USD 131.77 million up to March 31,2003 against committed expenditure of USD 37 million.
The Ministry said the Production Sharing Contract (PSC) provides a contractor with the option of retain such area where he thinks petroleum exits and is likely to be produced in commercial quantities. RIL which at the end of Phase-1 in 2004 had made 11 discoveries in KG-D6 block,felt hydrocarbon channels were spread over the entire block and thus the entire area should be considered as ‘discovery area.’
DGH which had in early 2004 asked RIL to relinquish 25 per cent of the area,asked RIL to do 3D seismic survey on the entire block to prove its point. Subsequently,the DGH-headed KG-D6 block oversight committee,where the ministry was not represented till late 2006,”on July 11,2006 agreed with the opinion of the contractor (RIL) that the prospective geological plays had continuity in the entire block,and hence no block area needed to be relinquished.”
“The Government was not a member of Management Committee (that on July 11,2006 declared the entire KG-D6 block as gas discovery area). Ministry came to be aware about the proposal when DGH informed the Ministry vide letter dated August 1,2006,” it said in response to the PAC. “The issue was examined in details vis-a-vis the PSC provisions and certain clarifications were sought from DGH. Since,it involved lot of technical inputs with respect to discovery area; the matter was deliberated in three Additional Secretary Committee meetings… and based on the opinion of DGH,the technical arm of ministry,a considered view was taken to treat the whole contract area as discovery area,hence not requiring the contractor to relinquish any part of contract area,” it said.
The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) had in its September report sharply criticised the ministry for not exercising adequate oversight and control over procurements done by RIL and allowing the private firm to retain the entire 7,645 sq km block in the Bay of Bengal in violation of the contract.
The Ministry said RIL would be allowed to produce gas only from the ‘Development Area’ determined in the Management Committee,where Ministry is also represented. “The balance Discovery Area in excess of delineated and approved Development Area will be relinquished.”