October 20, 2013 1:30:22 am
Australia: Compulsory voting in Australia was adopted in the state of Queensland in 1915 and adopted nationwide in 1924. Voting is compulsory for every citizen above the age of 18 (except those of unsound mind or those convicted of serious crimes). Elections are mostly held on Saturdays to allow working citizens to vote. A penalty is imposed on citizens who fail to show up for polling on election day without a valid reason. However,citizens who are unable to poll on election day can vote before the polls. A pre-poll vote can be cast at a pre-poll voting centre or divisional office.
Belgium: Belgium has one of the oldest systems of compulsory voting which came into effect in 1892 for men and in 1949 for women. Citizens aged 18 and above are required to cast their votes. Failing to do so can invite a moderate fine. If a citizen fails to vote in at least four elections,they risk losing their right to vote for 10 years. Also,it is difficult for non-voters to get a job in the public sector.
Argentina: Argentina makes it mandatory for citizens aged between 18 and 70 to vote. Those who are ill on voting day are excused if they get a medical certificate from a doctor. Those over 500 km away from their voting station are also exempt if they provide a certificate from their closest police station.
Bolivia: In 1952,Bolivia began giving its voters a card to prove their participation at an election. If voters fail to show this proof-of-voting card in the three months following an election,they can be prevented from drawing their salary from a bank. Married citizens are enfranchised at the age of 18,while those who are single must wait till 21.
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Singapore: Voting in presidential elections or parliamentary elections is compulsory for all eligible citizens and is part of the responsibilities of being an adult Singapore citizen. During the presidential or parliamentary election,he/she must be present at the assigned polling station on voting day. Failure to vote leads to non-voters name being removed from the certified register of electors.
Brazil: In Brazil,it is compulsory for citizens aged between 18 and 70 to cast their vote,while it is not compulsory for unregistered citizens aged 16 or 17. Non-voters have a provision of filling out a justification form at election centres and post offices and have to pay a fine. Also,non-voters may be barred from applying for passports or to sit for professional exams.
Compiled by Aslesha>
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