The historic Land Acquisition Act to provide just and fair compensation to farmers will come into force from January 1 next year,the government said Tuesday.
Rural Development Minister Jairam Ramesh took the decision after consideration of another view,particularly from state governments,that the Act replacing a 119-year-old legislation should be notified from April 1,2014. Sooner we notify the Act,lesser the uncertainty, he said, announcing the decision to implement the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition,Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act,2013 on January 1.
The law received the Presidents assent on September 27.
Some states felt that if the law was notified at the beginning of the financial year,they would get some time to put in the necessary infrastructure.
With the Centre deciding to implement the Act early,state governments will have to soon set up at least six bodies including the state-level Land Acquisition Rehabilitation and Resettlement Authority in each state to hear disputes arising out of projects where land acquisition has been initiated by the state or its agencies.
As per draft rules released by the ministry Monday,the state governments should take immediate steps to create and establish the State Social Impact Assessment Unit,the office of the Commissioner Rehabilitation and Resettlement and the State Level Monitoring Committee.
The Bill was brought as the archaic Act of 1894 suffered from various shortcomings including silence on the issue of resettlement and rehabilitation of those displaced by acquisition of land.