‘India’s population growth to fall 5%’https://indianexpress.com/article/news-archive/web/indias-population-growth-to-fall-5/

‘India’s population growth to fall 5%’

The growth of India's population was likely to come down by over five per cent in Census 2011...

The growth of India’s population was likely to come down by over five per cent in Census 2011,Registrar General and Census Commissioner C Chandramouli today said.

“In the upcoming Census 2011 (2001-2011),the growth of population is expected to come down to 16 per cent from 21.5 per cent growth witnessed in Census 2001 (1991-2001),” Chandramouli told reporters here.

Notably,the growth of country’s population had remained 25 per cent in census 1971 and 1981,24 percent in 1991 and 21.5 per cent in 2001. It has grown from 439 million in Census 1961 to 1028 million in census of 2001. In the Census 2011,the population is expected to be around the 1.2 billion mark.

He pointed out that the younger population was also expected to grow at a handsome rate. “Population above 18 years will grow at 28.8 per cent in Census 2011….so this way we are going to have younger population in the Census,” he said.

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In a massive exercise,the Census 2011 would embark across the country from February 9 till February 28 to enumerate country’s burgeoning population of 1.2 billion,covering 6.40 lakh villages across 35 states and UTs.

Noting that leaving out any segment of population in Census was a “matter of concern”,he asserted that efforts in the upcoming Census 2011 would be to keep the omission rate less than 2 per cent.

“In post enumeration exercise,we generally see that 1 or 2 per cent population is left out in Census..though (omission) rate 2 per cent is not that much….but when you translate this percentage of total population into numbers keeping in view of over a billion population,then this figure is too high,” he said,adding,”We will try to bring down the percentage to less than 2 per cent.”

The country’s omission rate stood at 1.8 per cent in Census 1981,followed by 1.7 per cent in 1991 and 2.3 per cent in 2001.

Highlighting introduction of new columns in the Census 2011,he said for the first time,three options would be introduced in the ‘Gender’ column. “Besides,in the ‘Male’ and ‘Female’ column,we have introduced ‘Other’ category and it has been done for the first time,” he said.

Chandramouli said that to capture reliable data,people would be asked to give information about age along with Date of Birth.

He said directions have been issued to cover houseless segment on last day of enumeration (February 28) to cover houseless people in Census 2011. “The help of NGOs will be also taken in covering people who do not have houses and their counting will be done on February 28.”

The Census official also asked people to check the ID cards of enumerators before allowing them to enter their houses for data collection in order to prevent entry of any unauthorised person.

“Do not let them those people enter your houses who do not have ID cards,” he said,warning that strict action would be taken against the enumerator if he sends anybody else for data collection.