Higgs-Englert win Physics Nobelhttps://indianexpress.com/article/news-archive/web/higgsenglert-win-physics-nobel/

Higgs-Englert win Physics Nobel

The existence of the Higgs boson is needed to explain how particles acquire mass.

The winners

Peter Higgs,84,emeritus professor of theoretical physics at the University of Edinburgh,Britain,and Francois Englert,80,professor emeritus of theoretical physics at the Universite Libre de Bruxelles,Belgium.

The duo won for proposing the existence of a special type of particle,since named the Higgs boson,whose features have been confirmed over the past year through experiments conducted at CERN,the gigantic international particle research laboratory on the Swiss-French border.

  ‘God particle’ resembles Higgs Boson ‘more and more’: CERN Scientists

Its importance

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The existence of the Higgs boson is needed to explain how particles acquire mass. It provides a fundamental pillar of the physics theory which explains the origins of the universe.

History

Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen won the first Nobel Prize in 1901 for his discovery of X-Rays

  Higgs Boson,the so-called ‘God particle,could spell trouble for universe

106 Nobel prizes in Physics have been awarded from 1901 to 2012 shared among 193 laureates

The oldest laureate in Physics till date is Raymond Davis Jr,who was 88 years old when he was awarded in 2002.

Only two women have won this prize — Marie Curie in 1903 (also awarded the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry) and Maria Goeppert-Mayer in 1963.