What started out as an uprising that ended the 30-year dictatorship of Hosni Mubarak has moved on to a startling failure of the Muslim Brotherhood that replaced him. Egypt is now being called the graveyard of the Arab Spring,as the army crushes the opposition on the streets of Cairo. After the army imposed a state of emergency last week amid bloodshed,the fate of the Egyptian Brothers,or Al-Ikhwan,who won the elections after Mubaraks ouster,remains uncertain.
Tunisia: Arab Spring 2.0
In the din of the crisis in Egypt,two bomb attacks in July went unreported. The attacks come as bleak news for Tunisia,whose post-Arab spring settlement has been shaky. It was supposed to be the success story of the Arab spring,but protesters are calling for the dissolution of their assembly; their rallying point being the Ennahda-led coalition government s hijacking of the revolution.
Libya: Sharp Divisions
As in Egypt and Tunisia,sharp divisions have created a perpetuating crisis of legitimacy for the government. July was riddled with an assassination of an opposition activist and bombing of government officials and hotels in Tripoli and Benghazi. Two years ago this month,the people of Libyapartly inspired by Egyptousted dictator Muammar Gaddafi,only to hurtle toward destablisation with militias fighting for regional battlefronts as a weak government looks on.
Bahrain: Lonely Struggle
Bahrainis continue to struggle for a representative government,planning their own tamarrod (rebellion) to draw attention to promised reforms. On August 14,Bahrainis once again took to the streets to reignite the democratic fervour of February 2011. The few advances in political and human rights have been driven back by daily raids and arrests.
Syria: Bloody War
The uprising in Syria,which began two years ago in March 2011,has spiralled into an unyielding civil war that has left more than 70,000 dead and millions refugees. The political violence has created and widened divisions,as well as created inroads for the al- Qaeda and other jihadis.