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Dip in sex ratio points to female foeticide in Orissa

Steep fall in child sex ratio and population in the 0-6 age-group in Census 2011 has brought back the spotlight on pre-natal sex determination

Written by Debabrata Mohanty | Bhubaneswar |
June 1, 2013 2:59:43 am

Steep fall in child sex ratio and population in the 0-6 age-group in Census 2011 has brought back the spotlight on pre-natal sex determination by couples in Orissa. The child sex ratio (0-6 years) fell from 953 to 941,the lowest since 1961. Nayagarh district from where several dead foetus were found in 2006 recorded the lowest ratio both in rural (857) and urban (835) areas.

State officials said the data underlines the fact that killing of unborn girl child after determining the sex of the foetus is on the high. The fall in child sex ratio was higher in urban areas,from 933 to 913,when compared to rural areas where it fell by nine points from 955 to 946. Tribal-dominated Nabrangpur district recorded the highest ratio of 999 in rural areas and 971 in urban areas.

The 2011 Census results for Orissa,released by Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik on Thursday,shows that the child population in the 0-6 age-group has declined by 85,616 and now stands at over 52.73 lakh. While the child population increased in urban areas by 84,872,it fell in rural areas by 1,70,488.

Orissa now stands tenth in declining child sex ratio. Concerned with the trend,the chief secretary has called a meeting of all district collectors and chief district medical officers on June 1 for strict enforcement of the Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act.

On brighter side,is the fact that there has been steep rise in women literacy (64 per cent),especially in rural areas,said Orissa Director of Census Bishnupada Sethi.

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