Be prepared with an up-to-date first-aid kit at home,especially if you have small children who may be prone to cuts and bruises. This is one essential that every home should have but people arent serious about the things that it should contain, says Dr S K Aggarwal,internal medicine,Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals. Heres a handy checklist of the items that your first aid kit should have:
An Antiseptic (such as Dettol,Savlon etc.)
Cleaning scrapes or wounds is important for preventing infection. If soap and water are not on hand,using an antiseptic will help flush out debris and provide a mild pain relief.
Adhesive bandages and gauze pads
These help treat injuries of all sizes. Buy a large package that comes with a variety of sizes. For gauze pads,buying larger sizes works best,because you can always cut them down to the size you need.
Scissors are often overlooked in many first-aid kits. They come in handy for cutting gauze pads and adhesive tapes. Tweezers can be used to remove stingers and in-grown hair.
Crepe bandages come in handy in a variety of situations,such as sprains and breakages.
Instant Cold and Hot Packs
These packs are for one-time use only. They can be applied on sprains,bruises,and bumps to reduce swelling.
Adhesive tape can be used to form splits,tape gauze,and secure any other bandages.
Latex gloves will provide a clean and sanitary way to protect you against bacteria,blood,bodily fluids,and other potential contaminants that you may encounter in an emergency situation.
Keep this pain reliever to deal with headaches,migraines,or pain due to injury.
A small tube of antibiotic ointment can go a long way. Antibiotic ointment can be used on scrapes,cuts,wounds,and other injuries to prevent infection.
If someone suffers from severe allergies,a dose of antihistamine (such as Avil) on hand is a good idea.
A list of emergency phone numbers
Keep a list of the numbers of doctors/hospitals close to home in case of an emergency that needs a doctors attention.