Since it was discovered in 1991,preserved in 5,300 years worth of ice and snow in the Italian Alps,the body of the Tyrolean Iceman has yielded a great deal of information. Scientists have learned his age (about 46),that he had knee problems,and how he died (by the shot of an arrow).
Now,researchers have sequenced the complete genome of the iceman,nicknamed Oetzi,and discovered even more intriguing details. They report in the journal Nature Communications that he had brown eyes and brown hair,was lactose intolerant and had Type O blood.
The lactose intolerance makes sense,said Albert Zink,an anthropologist at the European Academy of Research in Bolzano,Italy,who was one of the studys authors. In early times,there was no need to digest milk as an adult because there were no domesticated animals, Zink said. This genetic change took hundreds of years to occur.
But the scientists were surprised to find that Oetzi had a strong predisposition to heart disease. If he wasnt shot with an arrow,it would have been possible that he might have had a heart attack soon after, Zink said.
Heart disease is often thought of as a modern problem. But obviously this disease was present already 5,000 years ago, Zink said. So now we can get a better understanding why such diseases develop.