THE 5 HOTSPOTS IDENTIFIED IN INDIA
Delhi: An exception among the hotspots because it is far from any of the tiger zones. Seizures from here mostly of skins,but no significant seizures since 2005. (Delhi is also the most important hub of illegal leopard trade in India,accounting for 26 per cent of all leopard seizures)
Ramnagar: Located near the entrance to the Corbett National Park,this area has a healthy tiger population,but remains a prime target for poachers. Tiger skins were most commonly seized from this location, says the report. A route through the park leads to the Nepal border.
Central India: Seizures are made consistently from this area,which includes the Kanha and Pench National Parks as well as the Balihar and Nainpur forest ranges,since 2000. Most tigers are suspected to be moved north because of the number of seizures from Jabalpur,Madhya Pradesh.
Kolkata: Seizures at the hotspot,traced to the Sunderbans,have reduced in the 2010-2012 period. Skins and whole carcasses are most commonly seized.
Western Ghats : Located in the southern edge of the Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve,and running through Karnataka,Tamil Nadu and Kerala,the mountain range comprises probably the largest contiguous single (tiger) population in the world with an estimated 354 to 411 (tigers). Skin is the most commonly seized part.
A PAT FOR INDIA
The report lauds the consistent and reliable manner in which seizures have been reported in India and adds: Only in India is there any indication,although still tentative,that extensive national crime-fighting and tiger protection efforts may be starting to pay off through a reduction in illegal trade.
INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INDIA
The report identifies a significant trade hotspot in India close to the Nepalese border,saying tiger parts from India are still being sent to the Himalayan country as well as another zone of distribution,Myanmar,where stocks are built up and transported to consumer countries. Interestingly,that country has registered just one tiger seizure since 2000.