India ranks among the bottom 10 countries in controlling air pollution,according to the 2012 Environmental Performance Index (EPI),which addresses pollution control and natural resource management challenges.
The two fastest-developing economies in the world India and China rank poorly in 125th and 116th positions respectively. Both countries suffer from unhealthy air.
The study,which is conducted by Yale University’s Center for Environmental Law and Policy and Columbia University,ranks 132 countries on 22 performance indicators in 10 policy categories: environmental health,water (effects on human health),air pollution (effects on human health) air pollution (ecosystem effects),water resources (ecosystem effects) biodiversity and habitat,forests,fisheries,agriculture and climate change.
Switzerland (with an EPI score of 76.69) leads the world in addressing pollution control and natural resource management challenges. Its top ranking on the 2012 EPI is in mostly due to its high performance in air pollution control. Latvia (70.37),Norway (69.92),Luxembourg (69.2),and Costa Rica (69.03) round out the top five positions in the 2012 EPI.
The results show that it is possible for some middle-income countries,such as Latvia (per capita GDP $12,938) and Costa Rica (per capita GDP $10,238) to achieve impressive environmental outcomes. This also suggests that income alone is not a sole determinant of environmental performance policy choices and good governance also matter.
At the low end of the 2012 EPI rankings are South Africa (34.55),Kazakhstan (32.94),Uzbekistan (32.24),Turkmenistan (31.75),and Iraq (25.32). These countries have water scarcity and face significant sustainability challenges; the last three are also known for weak governance.
Environmental Performance Index Ranking & Scores
5 Costa Rica
6 France 19
9 United Kingdom
14 New Zealand
18 Czech Republic
124 Bosnia & Herzegovina
128 South Africa