‘When applying for a job, women seek positions with fewer applicants than men – a factor that could partly explain why we see a decline in the number of men in the corporate boardrooms’, new research suggests.
The size of a competition such as the number of applicants to a particular job or the number of people vying for a monetary reward, shapes who enters the competition.
‘Women prefer smaller competitions, whereas men seek larger competitions, which are typically associated with higher monetary rewards’, the study said.
“These patterns of findings can contribute to a better understanding of gender inequality in the workforce”, said Kathrin Hanek, the study’s Lead Author from the University of Michigan in the US.
“The gender difference in preferences may in part explain pay gaps and the underrepresentation of women in particular fields or at the helm of large organisations”, Hanek noted.
The findings appeared in the Journal of Applied Psychology.
The difference between the genders can be partially attributed to women feeling more comfortable in smaller competitions.
The researchers found consistent gender differences in the preference for smaller versus larger competitions across a variety of different competition contexts.
For instance, one study examined women’s and men’s real decisions to enter a small (10 competitors) or large (100 competitors) word-formation task competition.
The results indicated that 53 percent of women but only 41 percent of men preferred the small competition.
“This research by no means blames women for gender inequality but rather uncovers a novel environmental factor that might contribute to inequality, beyond the well-documented effects of gender discrimination”, Stephen Garcia, Associate Professor, the University of Michigan.