Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated annually in India on October 2, marking the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, who is also regarded as the ‘Father of the Nation’. Bapu, as he is fondly remembered, was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar in Gujarat.
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Leading the independence movement against the British, Gandhi was instrumental in challenging the British-imposed salt tax with the Dandi Salt March in 1930. In 1942, he called for the British to Quit India. He led the non-cooperation movement in 1920. The United Nations also celebrates October 2 as the International Day of Non-Violence to honour Gandhi’s belief in peace and non-violence.